Effective: Early Spring 8-Week 2018/2019

MSCJ 525: Comparative Criminal Justice Systems

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  Course Description

Examination of criminal justice systems worldwide. Includes exploration of means of establishing cooperation toward mutual goals despite structural, historical and ideological differences.

Prerequisite: Graduate standing

Proctored Exams: None



  • Reichel, P. L. (2013). Comparative Criminal Justice Systems: A Topical Approach (6th ed.). Prentice Hall, Inc.
    • [ISBN-978-0-13-245752-1]

MBS Information

Textbooks for the course may be ordered from MBS Direct. You can order

For additional information about the bookstore, visit http://www.mbsbooks.com.

  Course Overview

The course focuses on the criminal justice of the United States and a comparison of that system with that of other countries. The course format will allow for discussion and consideration of topics of international interest in certain areas.

  Technology Requirements

Participation in this course will require the basic technology for all online classes at Columbia College:
  • A computer with reliable Internet access
  • A web browser
  • Acrobat Reader
  • Microsoft Office or another word processor such as Open Office

You can find more details about standard technical requirements for our courses on our site.

  Course Objectives

  • To understand and appreciate the comparative issues, processes, diversity and differences among world criminal justice systems.
  • To understand the comparative structures, approaches and limitations upon selected world criminal justice systems.
  • To expand upon the comparative roles served by law enforcement, the courts and corrections in selected world criminal justice systems.
  • To compare assorted methods, procedures and theories employed by other countries to the American Criminal Justice system.
  • To enhance critical thinking, research and oral and written communication skills on issues dealing with worldwide criminal justice systems.

  Measurable Learning Outcomes

  • Explain the origins of designated worldwide criminal justice systems.
  • Describe and compare the evolution of and philosophical underpinnings for designated worldwide criminal justice systems.
  • Analyze, compare and apply the tools developed for measurement of criminal activity and victimization in selected worldwide criminal justice systems.
  • Describe and compare the roles, policies and procedures employed by law enforcement, the courts, and corrections in selected worldwide criminal justice systems.
  • Construct and evaluate arguments for and against proposed reforms in selected worldwide criminal justice systems.
  • Explain, evaluate and apply important theories regarding comparative criminal justice issues.
  • Describe the relationship between philosophy, theory law and practice in selected worldwide criminal justice systems.
  • Appraise current literature, materials and developments regarding juvenile justice issues.


Grading Scale

Grade Points Percent
A 900-1000 90-100%
B 800-899 80-89%
C 700-799 70-79%
F 0-699 0-69%

Grade Weights

Assignment Category Points Percent
Discussions 80 8%
Journals 300 30%
Quizzes 140 14%
Web Projects 80 8%
Paper 200 20%
Final Exam 200 20%
Total 1000 100%

  Schedule of Due Dates

Week 1

Assignment Points Due
Discussion 1 5 Thursday/Saturday
Discussion 2 5
Web Project 1 10 Saturday
Quiz 1 20 Sunday

Week 2

Assignment Points Due
Discussion 3 5 Thursday/Saturday
Discussion 4 5
Web Project 2 10 Saturday
Journal 1 50 Sunday
Quiz 2 20

Week 3

Assignment Points Due
Discussion 5 5 Thursday/Saturday
Discussion 6 5
Web Project 3 10 Saturday
Journal 2 50 Sunday
Quiz 3 20

Week 4

Assignment Points Due
Discussion 7 5 Thursday/Saturday
Discussion 8 5
Web Project 3 10 Saturday
Journal 3 50 Sunday
Quiz 4 20

Week 5

Assignment Points Due
Discussion 9 5 Thursday/Saturday
Discussion 10 5
Web Project 5 10 Saturday
Journal 4 50 Sunday
Quiz 5 20

Week 6

Assignment Points Due
Discussion 11 5 Thursday/Saturday
Discussion 12 5
Web Project 6 10 Saturday
Journal 5 50 Sunday
Quiz 6 20

Week 7

Assignment Points Due
Discussion 13 5 Thursday/Saturday
Discussion 14 5
Web Project 7 10 Saturday
Journal 6 50 Sunday
Quiz 7 20
Research Paper 200

Week 8

Assignment Points Due
Discussion 15 5 Thursday/Saturday
Discussion 16 5
Web Project 8 10 Saturday
Final Exam 200
Total Points: 1000

  Assignment Overview


There will be 2 discussions each week for you to participate in. Weekly discussions must be completed in the following manner: The initial post must be submitted each week by Thursday at 11:59 p.m. (3 points possible). Two additional responses to other students’ posts must be submitted by Saturday at 11:59 p.m. (2 points possible). The point maximum for the week, per Discussion, is 5.  Comments such as “Good idea” or “I agree with you” are not sufficient to earn points. Your comments should be substantive and encourage additional responses from other students. A group posting will only count as a single post.

Weekly Journal

A journal will be due in weeks two through seven. The journal should include four sections:

  1. Chapter Readings and News Briefs - Provide a brief content summary and discuss your thoughts about the readings for the week. On what areas do you agree/disagree and what have you learned through the readings. This section should be at least six paragraphs in length. For each journal, write a few paragraphs that describe your experience of reading a daily newspaper from another country and include at least five specific examples of the interesting stories you’ve read. I would prefer that your journal be submitted as one integrated document with the news briefs included at the end of your discussion of the Chapter readings (Section One of the Journal) or the end of your Journal (Section Four of the Journal).

  2. Summarize your discussion participation and describe your feelings about the discussions for the week. One paragraph is sufficient.

  3. Summarize your preparation for quizzes and progress toward completing assignments. What other activities did you perform that were class related? One paragraph is sufficient.

  4. General Discussion and Conclusion - In this section include a general narrative of your progress, problems, and successes. This is also an area for you to discuss anything you feel is relevant that was not covered in another section. One paragraph is sufficient.

Each journal is worth 50 points and must be submitted to the dropbox by the due date. More specific instructions will be posted in the course content section.

Web Projects

You will be assigned two web projects each week. Websites and specific instructions will be posted in the course content section of the course. Visit the site and perform the required tasks. In 2-3 paragraphs, respond to the questions posed each week. Web projects must be submitted to the appropriate dropbox by the due date.

Research Paper

You will be required to complete an individual research paper for the course. The topic and specific instructions will be posted in the course content section. The paper is worth 200 points and must be submitted to the dropbox by the due date. 

In this paper you will describe the legal system in a country of your choice. Discuss the issues of due process, search and seizure, self-incrimination, the right to counsel, and any other constitutional protections you would or would not be entitled to and compare them to what you would face if arrested in the United States. You should also include a discussion of the arrest/interrogation procedures of the local police, the court process and any punishments you would be facing for the offense. You should conclude with your overall impression of that country’s criminal justice system as compared to that of the United States.

The paper should follow APA format. It must contain a minimum of twelve pages of content, exclusive of the abstract, title page and reference page and should not exceed 15 pages of content. The paper should be double-spaced in a 10- to 12-point font with 1-inch margins and display a high level of professionalism. At least 12 outside research sources are expected. You should attribute your research throughout the paper and in a reference page (including author, title and publication) at the conclusion. You must also correctly cite all online sources.  

I will employ the following criteria in evaluating your paper:

Compliance: 40% of the total possible for the paper. Here I will consider—Did you do what I asked, discuss all the suggested issues, obtain the proper number of sources, etc.

Detail and Depth: 20% of total on the paper. I will evaluate your detail and depth on each of the suggested components

Professionalism: 40% of total on the paper. I will consider your writing and research quality on this component.  Please do not limit yourself to Internet research. A wealth of research is available at the textbook companion website. You may also access our Columbia College library from home or work. 


The weekly quizzes will include multiple-choice, true/false, and short essay questions. You will have 60 minutes to complete each quiz, once you open it. Quizzes must be completed by Sunday night each week.

Final Exam

The Final Exam will consist of both an objective (multiple-choice) component and an essay/short answer component. The final will be posted in the quizzes section of the course at the beginning of the final week and must be completed on-line. The Final Exam is worth 200 points and must be submitted to the dropbox by the due date.

  Course Outline

Click on each week to view details about the activities scheduled for that week.


Chapters 1-2

Discussion 1

Although you likely have only limited knowledge of how the justice system operates in other countries, identify a foreign country where you would like to be visiting should you be unfortunate enough to be arrested for a crime. What features of that country that you know or believe to be true have influenced your selection? What features of the American system of justice (e.g., search warrants, jury trials, burden of proof) do you hope the country has?  Why?

Discussion 2

Do you agree with the civilization theorists who suggest that crime declined as civility (e.g., eating with a knife and fork, refraining from urinating in public) increased in a society? Some people argue that contemporary American society is experiencing a decrease in civility. If that is true, do you think it can or will affect the crime rate? Why or why not?

Web Project 1
  1. The National Counterterrorism Center follows the same definition of terrorism as used by the Department of State, "premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents." Read the National Counterterrorism Center's Report on Incidents of Terrorism 2007 (http://www.nctc.gov/witsbanner/docs/2007_report_on_terrorism.pdf), particularly the section "What is a noncombatant?" Write a paragraph or two in which you summarize how a noncombatant is defined.

  2. Visit Transparency International's "surveys and indices" page http://www.transparency.org/policy_research/surveys_indices and find the most current TI Global Corruption Barometer survey. Prepare a table that compares the United States and any three other countries of your choice in terms of the average corruption rating respondents in each of the four countries gave to the following institutions: political parties, police, legal system/judiciary, media, and education system. Write a paragraph offering your explanation for the differences found.

Quiz 1

Due Sunday night.


Chapter 3

Discussion 3

Are there any situations in which it might be permissible or even necessary to hold a U. S. citizen in custody without recourse to the judicial system? Provide examples of those situations.

Discussion 4

At the end of 2005, Britain's highest court declared that evidence obtained through torture—regardless of who did the torturing or in what country it occurred—was not admissible in British courts. Do you agree with the British ruling, or do you think it should be acceptable for British prosecutors to use the evidence as long as British officials were not involved in the torture? Should the United States have a similar standard?

Web Project 2
  1. Go to the Legal Information Institute’s listing of state criminal codes at http://www.law.cornell.edu/topics/state_statutes2.html#criminal_code and click on the criminal code for your state (or another state if you’re in Colorado or Georgia). Search for the term robbery, and then copy and paste the definition into your word processor.  Write a paragraph explaining how your state’s definition compares with that given in the textbook for either Colorado or Georgia. Do you see any advantages or disadvantages in the way robbery is defined in the two states?
  2. When the U. S. Supreme Court decided the Hamdi v. Rumsfeld case, it also ruled on another case that had been brought by detainees at Guantanamo Bay. That case, Rasul v. Bush, asked if U. S. courts have jurisdiction to consider legal appeals filed on behalf of foreign citizens held by the U. S. military. In another case, Hamdan v. Rumsfeld, the Court was asked if the military tribunals established to try the detainees were legal. First, go to http://www.oyez.org/cases/2000-2009/2005/2005_05_184 and http://www.oyez.org/cases/2000-2009/2003/2003_03_334, and read the facts and rulings on the cases. Then visit http://supreme.justia.com/us/339/763/case.html. Write a paragraph responding to any one of the following discussion questions. 

    1. How do you feel about the decision in the Eisentrager case? Should individuals tried for crimes by a part of the American government (i.e., the military) be given a subsequent chance to challenge the legality of those proceedings in an American court by filing for a writ of habeas corpus?

    2. Does it make any difference that the Eisentrager case dealt with convicted war criminals, while this case deals with noncriminal confinement? If the military were to try these or other foreign detainees for war crimes, could/should the judgment of the military courts be subjected to habeas review by federal courts? What if the military court were multinational?

    3. The Court ruled that foreigners must be given the opportunity to challenge the legality of their confinement via means of a writ of habeas corpus. Can you think of any situations in which this rule should not apply? If so, how would you make your case to the Supreme Court? 

Journal 1

Due Sunday night.

Quiz 2

Due Sunday night.


Chapter 4

Discussion 5

The text identifies socialist law as a separate legal tradition. Argue that countries currently identified as following a socialist legal tradition should simply be included in the civil legal tradition and the separate socialist category be eliminated.

Discussion 6

Use information about the schools of law in Islam to explain how persons claiming to be devout Muslims can have very different views on such issues as terrorism.

Web Project 3
  1. Visit the site on law in Mexico before the conquest at http://tarlton.law.utexas.edu/rare/aztec/Home.htm then write a few paragraphs describing the Aztec courts and the role of attorneys and judges.
  2. The Central Criminal Court of London (Old Bailey) may be the world’s most well-known criminal court.  Go to the “trial procedures” section at http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/static/Trial-procedures.jsp. Read all sections on that page and write one to two paragraphs that summarize items you found to be different from contemporary trial proceedings.

Journal 2

Due Sunday night.

Quiz 3

Due Sunday night.


Chapter 5

Discussion 7

The "You Should Know!" box titled "Procedural Law - The Role of the Accused" explains that in common law jurisdictions, an admission of guilt (i.e., a plea of guilty) eliminates the need for a trial whereas in civil law jurisdictions such an admission is simply treated as overwhelming evidence of guilt. Using information from other classes you have taken, discuss how problems associated with confessions and guilty pleas may make the approach in civil law traditions more appropriate. What problems do you see with simply having an admission of guilt be treated as evidence?

Discussion 8

During the discussion of hudud and qisas crimes, it was noted that by having a category of crimes that require retaliation, Shari'a law is attempting to satisfy the human tendency to retaliate. Do you agree that there is such a human tendency? If so, does the American system of justice provide a mechanism to accommodate that tendency?

Web Project 3
  1. Westerners – and even some Islamic law scholars, as well – often comment that some aspects of Islamic law are inappropriate for modern time. Examples of stoning, amputation, gender differences in criminal procedure, and others are cited.  Go to http://www.jannah.org/morearticles/4.html and read the article Lashing, Stoning, Mutilating: Islamic Law is Barbaric and Outdated.  Defend the Case of Islam by Abdullah Mohammed. Write a few paragraphs in which you summarize a few arguments you find especially compelling in denying that Shari’a is not appropriate in modern society.  Conclude with your reasoned comments as to whether Islamic law is barbaric and outdated.
  2. Go to http://www.iatp.am/resource/law/harutunyan/monogr3/book.htm where you will find a more detailed categorization for judicial review models by Harutyunyan and Mavcic (1999). List the five models (and indicate at least two countries using each model) provided by Harutyunyan and Mavcic. Then write a few paragraphs that compare and contrast the features of all five models.

Journal 3

Due Sunday night.

Quiz 4

Due Sunday night.


Chapter 6

Discussion 9

Ghana has a specialized Women and Juvenile Unit that investigates cases involving women, children, and juveniles. Do you believe such a specialized unit is an appropriate way to organize a police force? What social, cultural, or economic factors existing in a country may encourage you to take a different perspective?

Discussion 10

Is police misconduct indicative of something about the people choosing police work (in all countries), the result of doing police work over time (regardless of country), or maybe the management tactics typically used (again, around the world) by supervisors?

Web Project 5
  1. Visit Interpol’s site reviewing European police and judicial systems at http://www.interpol.int/Public/Region/Europe/pjsystems/Default.asp and select two of the hyperlinked countries to look at closely. Read all the information under Section “2. Police System” for each country, then write a paragraph or two that compare each country on three topics of your choice.
  2. There is not much information available on policing in Mexico, even on the Internet. But attorney Jaime Berger Stender provides an overview that may be especially helpful to American visitors to Tijuana. Go to http://www.mexonline.com/lawcriminal.htm and read the various questions and answers. Write a paragraph describing your impressions of the Mexican police, the prosecutor and the laws.

Journal 4

Due Sunday night.

Quiz 5

Due Sunday night.


Chapter 7

Discussion 11

Chapter 7 describes legal training for lawyers and judges as being either unified or specialized. For example, in the United States, law school graduates may practice any type of law without additional training, whereas law graduates in may European countries must choose a specific area of law—including the judiciary—in which they will specialize and receive additional training. Would the American criminal justice system benefit from the more specialized training approach to becoming a prosecutor, defense attorney, or judge?  Why or why not?

Discussion 12

While discussing the concept of presumption of innocence, note was made of a comparative scholar reportedly saying that if he were innocent, he would prefer to be tried in a civil law court, but if he were guilty, he would rather be tried by a common law court. On what basis could someone make such a statement? Do you agree or disagree that the civil legal tradition protects the innocent more whereas the common legal tradition provides more protection to the guilty? Why or why not?

Web Project 6
  1. As in many countries, Finland relies on average citizens to participate in criminal trials – not as jurors but as lay judges. Go to http://www.om.fi/14451.htm and read about the lay judge’s roles, responsibilities, and eligibility. Write a few paragraphs summarizing how the lay judge system operates in Finland. Due to errors on the above web page, you may follow this link to find information on lay judges: http://www.oikeus.fi/17306.htm
  2. China’s trial system is described in detail at http://www.china.org.cn/english/Judiciary/31280.htm. Scroll down to the section titled “The Fundamentals of China’s Judicial System,” where you will find information about open trials and, just below that section, the defense system. Write a paragraph explaining the types of cases that are not open to the public and another paragraph that explains who is eligible to defend the accused.

Journal 5

Due Sunday night.

Quiz 6

Due Sunday night.

Course Evaluation
Please evaluate the course. You will have an opportunity to evaluate the course near the end of the session. A link sent to your CougarMail will allow you to access the evaluation. Please note that these evaluations are provided so that I can improve the course, find out what students perceive to be its strengths and weaknesses, and in general assess the success of the course. Please do take the time to fill this out.

Chapter 8

Discussion 13

During the war in Iraq, the American military paid millions of dollars in "condolence payments" to family members of noncombatant Iraqis killed or injured during the fighting.  These payments reportedly, were not an admission of guilt by American forces but were in keeping with Iraqi custom and meant to lessen ill will toward Americans. As discussed in chapter 8, diyya payments are also meant to lessen ill will between the offender and the victim. How are "condolence payments" made by the American military similar to or different from the diyya payments made by individuals?

Discussion 14

Which is more humane—telling a condemned prisoner the exact day and time he or she will be executed or "surprising" the condemned prisoner on the morning of the execution?

Web Project 7
  1. Visit the World Corporal Punishment Research site at http://www.corpun.com/index.htm and look at the material in a few of the links (e.g., what’s new, Legislation). Eventually go to http://www.corpun.com/singfeat.htm where you will read an article about judicial caning in Singapore. Write a few paragraphs describing what from the article was new to you regarding this topic and another paragraph in which you provide your opinion about whether caning is a reasonable or desirable sanction for adoption in American jurisdiction.
  2. Although it’s unusual in most American prisons for inmate mothers to have their newborn children with them in prison, it is rather typical in other countries. Go to http://www.hunter.cuny.edu/socwork/nrcfcpp/info_services/children-of-incarcerated-parents.html and scroll down to the heading “NRCFCPP Information Packets.” Open and read the two items titled “Babies Born to Incarcerated Mothers” and “Children of Incarcerated Parents.” Write a few paragraphs noting the pros and cons of allowing inmate mothers the opportunity to have their newborn babies and toddlers with them in prison.

Journal 6

Due Sunday night.

Quiz 7

Due Sunday night.

Research Paper

Due Sunday night.


Chapters 9-10

Discussion 15

Should American jurisdictions follow the example of Britain's "parenting orders" and provide juvenile courts with legal options for both holding parents responsible for their children's behavior and for providing parents with opportunities to improve their parenting skills? What are some pros and cons of doing so?

Discussion 16

The practice of detaining criminal suspects at police stations rather than at regular detention centers is quite controversial. According to the "Reform in Japan: Suspect Rights" box, a new law will not abolish the substitute prisons system, but it will require separation of the investigating officers from those who supervise the detainees. It also calls for the establishing of citizen and lawyer panels to whom detainees can bring complaints about their treatment. Discuss whether you think this really is a problem or an overblown reaction, and if it is, whether the proposed changes will make the system more acceptable.

Web Project 8
  1. The Youth Justice Board of England and Wales, http://www.yjb.gov.uk/en-gb/yjs, maintains oversight of the operation of these boards and the youth justice system as a whole in these countries. The site has information on prevention, pre-court, and court activities. Click on a link related to one of those three areas and write a few paragraphs describing who is involved at that particular stage and what can happen to the juvenile at that stage.
  2. Some Chinese courts are beginning to take a young person’s character into account when dealing with delinquency cases. Go to http://www.china.org.cn/english/China/69959.htm and read the news story about these new practices. Write a paragraph summarizing how this is a change for Chinese courts.

Final Exam

A comprehensive final examination covering all aspects of the course will be given during the final week. It will include multiple-choice, true/false, and essay questions.

  Course Policies

Student Conduct

All Columbia College students, whether enrolled in a land-based or online course, are responsible for behaving in a manner consistent with Columbia College's Student Conduct Code and Acceptable Use Policy. Students violating these policies will be referred to the office of Student Affairs and/or the office of Academic Affairs for possible disciplinary action. The Student Code of Conduct and the Computer Use Policy for students can be found in the Columbia College Student Handbook. The Handbook is available online; you can also obtain a copy by calling the Student Affairs office (Campus Life) at 573-875-7400. The teacher maintains the right to manage a positive learning environment, and all students must adhere to the conventions of online etiquette.


Your grade will be based in large part on the originality of your ideas and your written presentation of these ideas. Presenting the words, ideas, or expression of another in any form as your own is plagiarism. Students who fail to properly give credit for information contained in their written work (papers, journals, exams, etc.) are violating the intellectual property rights of the original author. For proper citation of the original authors, you should reference the appropriate publication manual for your degree program or course (APA, MLA, etc.). Violations are taken seriously in higher education and may result in a failing grade on the assignment, a grade of "F" for the course, or dismissal from the College.

Collaboration conducted between students without prior permission from the instructor is considered plagiarism and will be treated as such. Spouses and roommates taking the same course should be particularly careful.

All required papers may be submitted for textual similarity review to Turnitin.com for the detection of plagiarism. All submitted papers may be included in the Turnitin.com reference database for the purpose of detecting plagiarism. This service is subject to the Terms and Conditions of Use posted on the Turnitin.com site.


There will be no discrimination on the basis of sex, race, color, national origin, sexual orientation, religion, ideology, political affiliation, veteran status, age, physical handicap, or marital status.

Student Accessibility Resources

Students with documented disabilities who may need academic services for this course are required to register with the office of Student Accessibility Resources. Until the student has been cleared through this office, accommodations do not have to be granted. If you are a student who has a documented disability, it is important for you to read the entire syllabus as soon as possible. The structure or the content of the course may make an accommodation not feasible. Student Accessibility Resources is located in Student Affairs in AHSC 215 and can be reached by phone at (573) 875-7626 or email at sar@ccis.edu.

Online Participation

You are expected to read the assigned texts and participate in the discussions and other course activities each week. Assignments should be posted by the due dates stated on the grading schedule in your syllabus. If an emergency arises that prevents you from participating in class, please let your instructor know as soon as possible.

Attendance Policy

Attendance for a week will be counted as having submitted any assigned activity for which points are earned. Attendance for the week is based upon the date work is submitted. A class week is defined as the period of time between Monday and Sunday (except for week 8, when the work and the course will end on Saturday at midnight.) The course and system deadlines are based on the Central Time Zone.

Cougar Email

All students are provided a CougarMail account when they enroll in classes at Columbia College. You are responsible for monitoring email from that account for important messages from the College and from your instructor. You may forward your Cougar email account to another account; however, the College cannot be held responsible for breaches in security or service interruptions with other email providers.

Students should use email for private messages to the instructor and other students. The class discussions are for public messages so the class members can each see what others have to say about any given topic and respond.

Late Assignment Policy

An online class requires regular participation and a commitment to your instructor and your classmates to regularly engage in the reading, discussion and writing assignments. Although most of the online communication for this course is asynchronous, you must be able to commit to the schedule of work for the class for the next eight weeks. You must keep up with the schedule of reading and writing to successfully complete the class.

No late discussion posts will be accepted.

Essay assignments will not be accepted late and will receive no credit unless you receive prior approval from me or can demonstrate an emergency situation. Even with prior approval, extensions of time will not exceed 2 days and will be subject to a penalty of 50%.

Course Evaluation

You will have an opportunity to evaluate the course near the end of the session. A link will be sent to your CougarMail that will allow you to access the evaluation. Be assured that the evaluations are anonymous and that your instructor will not be able to see them until after final grades are submitted.

  Additional Resources

Orientation for New Students

This course is offered online, using course management software provided by Desire2Learn and Columbia College. The course user guide provides details about taking an online course at Columbia College. You may also want to visit the course demonstration to view a sample course before this one opens.

Technical Support

If you have problems accessing the course or posting your assignments, contact your instructor, the Columbia College Helpdesk, or the D2L Helpdesk for assistance. Contact information is also available within the online course environment.

Online Tutoring

Smarthinking is a free online tutoring service available to all Columbia College students. Smarthinking provides real-time online tutoring and homework help for Math, English, and Writing. Smarthinking also provides access to live tutorials in writing and math, as well as a full range of study resources, including writing manuals, sample problems, and study skills manuals. You can access the service from wherever you have a connection to the Internet. I encourage you to take advantage of this free service provided by the college.

Access Smarthinking through CougarTrack under Students -> Academics -> Academic Resources.