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Effective: Late Fall 8-Week, 2017/2018

MSCJ 530: Legal Aspects Of Criminal Justice Management

Course Description

Examination of the legal issues within criminal justice management, and the effects of constitutional provisions, statutes, ordinances, and judicial decisions on justice administration. Analysis of the legal aspects of selection, compensation, promotion, assignment, and termination of justice employees and consideration of operational issues not addressed in other courses.

Prerequisite: Graduate standing

Proctored Exams: None



Syllabus Contents

Textbooks

Required

  • Avery, Isaac. Legal Aspects of Police Supervision. 2nd ed. New York: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning, Inc., 2001.
    • ISBN-978-1-928916-18-5

MBS Information

Textbooks for the course may be ordered from MBS Direct. You can order

For additional information about the bookstore, visit http://www.mbsbooks.com.


Course Overview

Welcome to Legal Aspects of Criminal Justice Management (MSCJ 530), online! This course focuses on the study of the law behind management/human resource issues arising in a justice department environment. The primary study will be from the text and assigned multimedia materials, but current events may also be used to the extent possible.



Technology Requirements

Participation in this course will require the basic technology for all online classes at Columbia College:
  • A computer with reliable Internet access
  • A web browser
  • Acrobat Reader
  • Microsoft Office or another word processor such as Open Office

You can find more details about standard technical requirements for our courses on our site.


Course Learning Outcomes

  1. Describe the important employment related laws and legal issues applicable to Criminal Justice.
  2. Explain the important managerial decisions which are governed by specific legal standards.
  3. Explain the important operational issues and decisions which are governed by specific legal standards.
  4. Articulate solutions to real and hypothetical issues by applying relevant legal issues.
  5. Articulate arguments for and against proposed and existing laws connected to criminal justice management.

Grading

Grading Scale
Grade Points Percent
A 900-1000 90-100%
B 800-899 80-89%
C 700-799 70-79%
F 0-699 0-69%
Grade Weights
Assignment Category Points Percent
Discussions 170 17%
Exams 280 28%
Hypothetical Responses 250 25%
Term Paper 300 30%
Total 1000 100%


Schedule of Due Dates

Week 1
Assignment Points Due
Discussion 1: Introduction 5 Wednesday/Sunday
Discussion 2: Basics of Constitutional Law 10
Discussion 3: Codes of Conduct 10
Discussion Questions or Concerns -- Sunday
Week 2
Assignment Points Due
Discussion 4: Age Issues 10 Wednesday/Sunday
Discussion 5: Harassment 10
Discussion 6: Paper Proposal 10
Week 3
Assignment Points Due
Discussion 7: Discussion of the ADA 10 Wednesday/Sunday
Discussion 8: Reverse Discrimination 10
Hypothetical Response Paper 1 125 Sunday
Week 4
Assignment Points Due
Discussion 9: Garrity Rights 10 Wednesday/Sunday
Discussion 10: The Ten (or So) Worst Mistakes 10
Exam 1 140 Sunday
Week 5
Assignment Points Due
Discussion 11: Three Bites of the Apple 10 Wednesday/Sunday
Discussion 12: Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) 10
Hypothetical Response Paper 2 125 Sunday
Week 6
Assignment Points Due
Discussion 13: Drug Testing 10 Wednesday/Sunday
Discussion 14: Freedom of Religion in Law Enforcement 10
Annotated Bibliography for Term Paper -- Sunday
Week 7
Assignment Points Due
Discussion 15: Broad Scope of 42 U.S.C. § 1983 10 Wednesday/Sunday
Discussion 16: Qualified Immunity 10
Exam 2 140 Sunday
Week 8
Assignment Points Due
Term Paper 300 Friday
Discussion 17: Officer Complaints 10 Wednesday/Saturday
Discussion 18: Improvements to the Course 5
Total Points 1000

Assignment Overview

Readings and Supplemental Websites

Please complete the readings and view the supplemental websites prior to completing assignments for the week.


Discussions

Each week, you will complete two to three Discussion postings focused on a specific aspect of labor law as it relates to managing a criminal justice agency. In your response, you are expected to discuss the legal issues and quote from the textbook and other legal sources. Additionally, you should post your initial thoughts on each Discussion by mid-week and respond to at least three other student postings by the end of the week.


Hypothetical Responses

You will create two, short response papers during the term. You may choose what issue you wish to cover from the three to four options posted for your review in the Content area under Weeks 3 and 5. The topics range from “Duty to Protect” to “Ricci Analysis” covering issues as diverse as discrimination to codes of conduct. Each response should mix legal research and fact with opinion. Make sure to use your assigned text materials as a guide in conducting your own legal research. Do not plan to write your Term Paper on the same topic you selected for either Hypothetical Response Paper.

Hypothetical Response Paper Format Requirements - Please format your paper as follows:

  1. Topic: Using the fact pattern provided within the hypothetical / response, please respond to the questions posed at the bottom of the fact sheet. You can find the fact pattern for this assignment in the Content area of the course.

  2. Length: 3 - 4 pages, not counting any cover page.

  3. Style: MLA / APA for sources.

  4. Format: Please format your paper as follows:

    1. Name: top left corner

    2. Double spaced; Arial or Times New Roman font, 12-point

    3. Page numbers at bottom of page

  5. Response Format: For each of the questions posed at the bottom of the hypothetical fact pattern, please set up your content portion using the following subheads as a guide:

    1. Issue: formulate a hypothesis based on the first question posed within the fact pattern.

    2. Discussion of Relevant Law: provide me with case law, statutes, codes you plan to use to support your hypothesis/points. This law can come from your textbook, legal research, newspaper and magazine articles, etc.

    3. Discussion of Facts and Law: In this section, I want you to provide your analysis of the facts in relation to the law you have covered thus far. 

      1. The fact pattern within the hypothetical will provide you with all the necessary details. Your responsibility is to apply the law as you understand it to the facts of the case/issue presented. 

      2. Your responses should draw from the previously covered material but also include your own legal research – the idea is to apply the law to your hypothetical situation.

      3. Additionally, you should supplement your responses with outside research and brief personal experiences from your criminal justice career.  

  6. Post your final draft in the appropriate Dropbox folder for my review. 

  7. I will provide you with feedback regarding your paper in the Dropbox area, usually no later than Friday of the following week.


Term Paper

There will be one Term Paper that is to be submitted to the appropriate folder in the Dropbox area of the course. The length of the paper should be 5 - 7 pages of actual prose/analysis—not counting a cover page, abstract or references—on an issue of your choice from topics covered throughout the course, except those you wrote about in the Hypothetical Response Papers. The Term Paper should be written in MLA or APA format, and there should be 4 to 5 or more outside sources included in your paper. In the Content area of the course, you will find detailed instructions for your Term Paper. However, here are a few items and dates to remember.

  1. Week 2 – Paper topic due (Discussion post) – I want to know what issue you plan to address in your research paper, and I must approve it. Unapproved topics will not be accepted.

  2. The Term Paper is weighted heavily in your overall course grade and should represent your best effort. Take the Plagiarism Tutorial included in this course, and carefully read my comments in the Paper Proposal discussion thread (Week 2, Discussion 6) about this subject.

  3. Week 6 – Annotated Bibliography due (Dropbox) – this preliminary bibliography needs to consist of a list of at least four sources, including a summary and evaluation of each source that describes what it adds to your paper and how you plan to use it to support your thesis.

  4. Week 8 – Term Paper is due.


Exams

During Weeks 4 and 7, you will take an exam covering the materials from the previous weeks. These exams are not cumulative. In Week 4, the exam will cover legal issues reviewed in Weeks 1 through 3. In Week 7, the exam will cover legal issues reviewed in Weeks 4 through 6. The exam questions will consist of short-answer and multiple-choice, hypothetical style questions that apply your legal knowledge gleaned from your assigned materials to the fact patterns presented.   Each exam will be open to you all week so that you may take it when it is convenient for you. The exams will be timed at 2 hours.



Course Outline

Click on each week to view details about the activities scheduled for that week.

Week 1: Constitutional Aspects
Readings
  1. Textbook: Chapter 1 - “Constitutional Law for Public Managers”; Chapter 2 - “Constitutional Limitations on Codes of Conduct; Chapter 3 - “Employment at Will”

  2. Civil Right Codes: 42 U.S.C. § 1981 – 1988; Civil Rights Actions 18 U.S.C. § 241 – 247
  3. Website: Social Science Research Network, Code of Conduct abstract, “Making Criminal Codes Functional…” [Links can be found in the Content area of the course.]

    Note: Additional resource links can be found in the Content area of our course. However, you are responsible for supplementing these items with research done either in a library or on the World Wide Web. 

Supplemental Websites

American Bar Association
The Federalist Society for Law and Public Policy
United States Supreme Court
Judicial Watch

Note: Articles, Journals, Legal Book Reviews and News – Can be found free of cost on the ABA website.

Discussion 1: Introduction

Introduce yourself to me and to your classmates. I am hoping that you take the time to add information about your hobbies, family, educational goals, that kind of thing.

Discussion 2: Basics of Constitutional Law

Choose any one of the issues [i.e. Full Faith and Credit, Freedom of Association, Freedom to Assemble, Confrontation of Witnesses, Excessive Bail, etc., except Cruel and Unusual Punishment] covered in Chapter 1. Research the concept online and provide a brief overview of the case law, statues, or codes you uncovered in your research.

Discussion 3: Codes of Conduct

Review the website on Criminal Justice Codes of Conduct: Use and Application of the Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials, Including the Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms. According to the website authors, “...the Assembly [those responsible for creating the Code] stressed the important task that law enforcement officials were performing; it also noted the potential for abuse that the discharge of their duties entailed.” Though this Code was created by a United Nations body, and may or may not be applicable to your own department, please respond to the following questions given the concepts behind Vagueness, Overbreadth, and Substantive Due Process:

    1. What are some of your thoughts regarding the application of the Code to your own law enforcement field? Does this Code fall in line with what the Supreme Court has outlined in the cases covering Vagueness or Overbreadth or Substantive Due Process? 

    2. Provide examples from your own experiences that are in line with the concepts covered in Chapter 2 or that might violate these concepts. 

Discussion Questions or Concerns

Use this topic for any syllabus questions, questions about course assignments, concerns you may have, issues with research, etc. I will respond to your general questions here. Specific, personal issues should be addressed through a private e-mail conversation.

Week 2: Discrimination in the Workplace
Readings

Textbook: Chapter 3 - “Employment at Will”; Chapter 4 - “Discrimination in Employment”; Chapter 5 - “Sexual Harassment”

Supplemental Websites

National Center for Women & Policing
U.S. Department of Education
The United States Department of Justice

Discussion 4: Age Issues

According to the United States Code Annotated (29 U.S.C. § 623), an employer may participate in age discrimination where there is a “bona fide occupational qualification reasonably necessary” to operate as a normal business. Taking into account your own experiences in law enforcement, what are your thoughts regarding the Los Angeles Police Department’s [see/find a link to the LAPD’s official website in the Content area for details on academy requirements] removal of an age requirement given the nature of a job as a new recruit?

Discussion 5: Harassment

Unlawful harassment is a form of discrimination that violates Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and other federal authority. Unwelcome verbal or physical conduct based on race, color, religion, sex (whether or not of a sexual nature and including same-gender harassment and gender identity harassment), national origin, age (40 and over), disability (mental or physical), sexual orientation, or retaliation (sometimes collectively referred to as “legally protected characteristics”) constitutes harassment when: 1) The conduct is sufficiently severe or pervasive to create a hostile work environment; or 2) A supervisor’s harassing conduct results in a tangible change in an employee’s employment status or benefits (for example, demotion, termination, failure to promote, etc.).” [See/find a link to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights in the Content area and search its database under “Archives.”]  Respond: 1) What types of situations would one expect to fall under this Act? 2) How might you as a manager avoid these situations?

Discussion 6: Paper Proposal

This week please provide me with an idea of what issue you plan to cover in your term paper. If you are having trouble deciding on a single topic, think about reviewing your textbook or some of the supplemental websites I recommend for ideas. You may also consider expanding the concept(s) behind one of the discussion topics we have covered or will cover. Your topic must be different than anything written on in your Hypothetical Response Papers. Your topic must be approved by me or the Term Paper will not be accepted.

Week 3: Discrimination Cont.
Readings
  1. Textbook: Chapter 6 - “Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990”

  2. Websites: Americans with Disabilities Act home page; U.S. Equal Opportunity Commission home page
Supplemental Websites

CNN Justice
Police Chief Magazine

Discussion 7: Discussion of the ADA

According to the framers of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), “Barriers to employment, transportation, public accommodations, public services, and telecommunications have imposed staggering economic and social costs on American society and have undermined our well-intentioned efforts to educate, rehabilitate, and employ individuals with disabilities. By breaking down these barriers, the (ADA) will enable society to benefit from the skills and talents of individuals with disabilities, will allow us all to gain from their increased purchasing power and ability to use it, and will lead to fuller, more productive lives for all Americans.”  Respond: 1) Based on this explanation, who is a “qualified individual with a disability”? 2) Should the criminal justice fields be exempt from compliance with this Act? Why or Why not?

Discussion 8: Reverse Discrimination

The recent decision by the United States Supreme Court in Ricci held that the New Haven fire department promotional board engaged in reverse discrimination when it discarded the test results of white firefighters. The Court, in a 5- 4 decision, emphasized the need for “fairness or a level playing field” when it comes to promotion. Respond: 1) What are your thoughts on the decision? Did the Court get it right? Why or Why not? 2) How might this decision further impact the law enforcement field? [Note: I remind you that many of the issues in this course will evoke strong opinions. This is a college-level discussion. Please proceed accordingly.]

Hypothetical Response Paper 1

Submit your paper to the appropriate folder in the Dropbox area of the course by the assigned due date.  Instructions: A detailed fact pattern with specific questions for discussion can be found in the Content area of our course. Use the hypothetical fact pattern as presented as your basis for analysis. Please do not deviate from the fact pattern as it is based on the lessons studied this week. Additionally, you must supplement your responses to the posed questions by incorporating outside source material i.e. case law, statutes, codes and/or specific experiences gleaned from your career. Topic options are as follows:

Option 1 – “Tennie Pierce: Discrimination or Not?” 

Option 2 – Constitutional Limitations

Option 3 – Ricci Expanded

Note: I will provide you with feedback regarding your paper in the Dropbox usually no later than Friday of the following week.

Week 4: Internal Affairs
Readings
  1. Textbook: Chapter 9 - “Internal Affairs Procedures”; Chapter 10 - “The Ten (or So) Worst Mistakes...”; Chapter 17 - “What Has O.J. Done…”

  2. Websites: Garrity Rights; JUSTIA US Supreme Court, “Gardner v. Broderick”
Supplemental Websites

Police Chief Magazine – an authoritative and sourced article on Garrity
American Bar Association
– searchable database of journals, reviews, etc., by topic

Discussion 9: Garrity Rights

According to Chapter 9, a law enforcement member has rights under the Garrity Rule articulated in Garrity v. New Jersey. Respond: 1) What are Garrity Rights? 2) Why are they so important to law enforcement members? 3) Can a law enforcement member refuse to cooperate using Garrity as a shield? (A review of the website Garrity Rights may assist you.)

Discussion 10: The Ten (or So) Worst Mistakes

The author of your text is deeply concerned over the ten mistakes he believes lead to lawsuits filed against criminal justice agencies. 1) Choose one of those “mistakes” (except for Garrity or Gardner) and research the concept on the Web. Then, return to this Discussion topic and provide your classmates with a summary of your findings. 2) How might a manager in the criminal justice system avoid one or all of these “mistakes”?

Exam 1

This is a timed two-hour exam. The exam can be found in the Quizzes area and will consist of multiple-choice and short-answer application questions based on the relevant law discussed throughout the previous three weeks. There is no requirement for a proctor for this exam.

Week 5: The Injured Employee / Fair Labor Standards
Readings
  1. Textbook: Chapter 7 - “The Injured Employee: Three Bites of the Apple”; Chapter 8 - “Fair Labor Standards Act”

  2. Website: The United States Department of Labor Wage and Hour Division
Discussion 11: Three Bites of the Apple

In Chapter 7, the author of the textbook focuses on the idea of “Three Bites of the Apple.” What are those three bites and how do they apply to the criminal justice field?

Discussion 12: Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)

How does the FLSA apply to law enforcement?  What is the manager’s role in applying FLSA within his or her work environment?

Hypothetical Response Paper 2

Submit your paper to the appropriate folder in the Dropbox area of the course by the assigned due date.  Instructions: A detailed fact pattern with specific questions for discussion can be found in the Content area of our course. Use the hypothetical fact pattern as presented as your basis for analysis. Please do not deviate from the fact pattern as it is based on the lessons studied this week. Additionally, you must supplement your responses to the posed questions by incorporating outside source material i.e. case law, statutes, codes and/or specific experiences gleaned from your career. Topic options are as follows:

Option 1 – “Do They Have a Case?” Failure to Protect (This option will require additional reading from your textbook.)

Option 2 – Political Speech Hypothetical

Note: I will provide you with feedback regarding your paper in the Dropbox usually no later than Friday of the following week.

Week 6: Freedom of Speech; Religious Freedom; Drug Testing
Readings

Textbook: Chapter 11 (Freedom of Speech); Chapter 12 (Religious Freedom); Chapter 13 (Drug Testing)  N.B.: Ch. 12, p. 113 of Avery incorrectly asserts that the US Supreme Court declared police grooming standards in Kelly v. Johnson, 425 U.S. 238 (1976) unconstitutional. Such standards were found to be constitutional (pp. 244-249 of said opinion) under the 14th Amendment. However, this result changes when examined as a First Amendment issue under the Free Exercise Clause.

Supplemental Websites

U.S. Constitution
the Charters of Freedom
FindLaw (“U.S. Constitutional Amendments”)

Discussion 13: Drug Testing

In an abstract located on NCJRS.org, National Criminal Justice Reference Service, researchers focused on some of the lesser covered issues of recreational drug use by law enforcement officials. Respond: 1) According to the abstract, what technical issues are involved in drug testing of officers and what is their efficacy? 2) What were some of the 4th Amendment issues involved in drug testing officers? 3) Finally, how might a union or collective-bargaining complicate drug testing and why?

You are invited to search the web for additional resources and perspectives.

Discussion 14: Freedom of Religion in Law Enforcement

Google search articles in which emphasis is focused on religious freedom and protections for law enforcement officers and criminal justice professionals. [See/find a link to the American Center for Law & Justice in the Content area for a description of legal precedent. The ABA search site is also valuable.]

Respond: 1) What are some of the “potential areas of conflict” written about in the articles? 2) Share some areas of conflict you have encountered within your own career.

Annotated Bibliography for Term Paper

In the appropriate Dropbox folder, post a list of at least four sources, including a summary and evaluation of each source that describes what it adds to your paper and how you plan to use it to support your thesis. In other words, fully reflect on how each source fits into your research, to what degree it has been helpful in shaping your argument, and in what way it has changed your thinking about your topic.

Course Evaluation
Please evaluate the course. You will have an opportunity to evaluate the course near the end of the session. A link sent to your CougarMail will allow you to access the evaluation. Please note that these evaluations are provided so that I can improve the course, find out what students perceive to be its strengths and weaknesses, and in general assess the success of the course. Please do take the time to fill this out.
Week 7: Litigation under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 / Failure to Protect
Readings
  1. Textbook: Chapter 14 “Litigation”’; Chapter 15 “Failure to Protect”

  2. Website: The ‘Lectric Law Library (definition of “qualified immunity”)
Supplemental Website

The ‘Lectric Law Library - easy to read and understand website emphasizing general legal definitions

Discussion 15: Broad Scope of 42 U.S.C. § 1983

Please take a moment to review 42 U.S.C. § 1983 on the constitution.org website. Respond: 1) Why is it important to identify a “Person”? 2) What is the significance of the “Ku Klux Klan Act” reference contained within 42 U.S.C. § 1983? 3) How does this reference affect cases brought today?

Discussion 16: Qualified Immunity

Please review the JUSTIA US Law website involving a Sixth Circuit decision regarding Officer Immunity. According to the case, there appeared to be a split among lower courts as to what qualifies as "reasonableness of an officer's actions." In another case regarding qualified immunity, this time before the Ninth Circuit (see/find a link in the Content area to the Environmental Law website, Headwaters Forest Def. v. County of Humboldt), the court articulated a specific test for "reasonableness" and found in favor of the plaintiff. Respond: 1) Given your experience in the field of law enforcement, did the Sixth Circuit make the right decision regarding "reasonableness" in the case before it? Why or Why not? 2) Given your experience in the field of law enforcement, did the Ninth Circuit make the right call in the case before it? Why or Why not? 3) Finally, how would you define "reasonableness" regarding officer conduct?

Exam 2

This is a timed two-hour exam. The exam can be found in the Quizzes area and will consist of multiple-choice and short-answer application questions based on the relevant law discussed throughout the previous three weeks. There is no requirement for a proctor for this exam.

Week 8: Federal Criminal Violations
Readings
  1. Textbook: Chapter 16 - Federal Criminal Violations

  2. Websites: THE FBI, Civil Rights, “Color of Law Abuses”; Public Agency Training Council, “Overview of Police Liability”
Term Paper

Post your Term Paper in the appropriate Dropbox for my review. The paper is due Friday.

Discussion 17: Officer Complaints

Doctors disclose; lawyers disclose; so, should law enforcement members be required to disclose complaints lodged against them even if they are exonerated? Why or Why not?  [See/find a link in the Content area to the U.S. DOJ Office of Community Oriented Policing Services document “Building Trust Between the Police and the Citizens They Serve.”]

Discussion 18: Improvements to the Course

How does the FLSA apply to law enforcement?  What is the manager’s role in applying FLSA within his or her work environment?



Course Policies

Student Conduct

All Columbia College students, whether enrolled in a land-based or online course, are responsible for behaving in a manner consistent with Columbia College's Student Conduct Code and Acceptable Use Policy. Students violating these policies will be referred to the office of Student Affairs and/or the office of Academic Affairs for possible disciplinary action. The Student Code of Conduct and the Computer Use Policy for students can be found in the Columbia College Student Handbook. The Handbook is available online; you can also obtain a copy by calling the Student Affairs office (Campus Life) at 573-875-7400. The teacher maintains the right to manage a positive learning environment, and all students must adhere to the conventions of online etiquette.

Plagiarism

Your grade will be based in large part on the originality of your ideas and your written presentation of these ideas. Presenting the words, ideas, or expression of another in any form as your own is plagiarism. Students who fail to properly give credit for information contained in their written work (papers, journals, exams, etc.) are violating the intellectual property rights of the original author. For proper citation of the original authors, you should reference the appropriate publication manual for your degree program or course (APA, MLA, etc.). Violations are taken seriously in higher education and may result in a failing grade on the assignment, a grade of "F" for the course, or dismissal from the College.

Collaboration conducted between students without prior permission from the instructor is considered plagiarism and will be treated as such. Spouses and roommates taking the same course should be particularly careful.

All required papers may be submitted for textual similarity review to Turnitin.com for the detection of plagiarism. All submitted papers may be included in the Turnitin.com reference database for the purpose of detecting plagiarism. This service is subject to the Terms and Conditions of Use posted on the Turnitin.com site.

Non-Discrimination

There will be no discrimination on the basis of sex, race, color, national origin, sexual orientation, religion, ideology, political affiliation, veteran status, age, physical handicap, or marital status.

Student Accessibility Resources

Students with documented disabilities who may need academic services for this course are required to register with the office of Student Accessibility Resources. Until the student has been cleared through this office, accommodations do not have to be granted. If you are a student who has a documented disability, it is important for you to read the entire syllabus as soon as possible. The structure or the content of the course may make an accommodation not feasible. Student Accessibility Resources is located in Student Affairs in AHSC 215 and can be reached by phone at (573) 875-7626 or email at sar@ccis.edu.

Online Participation

You are expected to read the assigned texts and participate in the discussions and other course activities each week. Assignments should be posted by the due dates stated on the grading schedule in your syllabus. If an emergency arises that prevents you from participating in class, please let your instructor know as soon as possible.

Attendance Policy

Attendance for a week will be counted as having submitted any assigned activity for which points are earned. Attendance for the week is based upon the date work is submitted. A class week is defined as the period of time between Monday and Sunday (except for week 8, when the work and the course will end on Saturday at midnight.) The course and system deadlines are based on the Central Time Zone.

Cougar Email

All students are provided a CougarMail account when they enroll in classes at Columbia College. You are responsible for monitoring email from that account for important messages from the College and from your instructor. You may forward your Cougar email account to another account; however, the College cannot be held responsible for breaches in security or service interruptions with other email providers.

Students should use email for private messages to the instructor and other students. The class discussions are for public messages so the class members can each see what others have to say about any given topic and respond.

Late Assignment Policy

An online class requires regular participation and a commitment to your instructor and your classmates to regularly engage in the reading, discussion and writing assignments. Although most of the online communication for this course is asynchronous, you must be able to commit to the schedule of work for the class for the next eight weeks. You must keep up with the schedule of reading and writing to successfully complete the class.

No late discussion posts will be accepted.

Other late assignments will be penalized absent special circumstances approved in advance by the instructor. Assignments cannot be submitted after the last “accept date” specified in the course Dropbox.

Course Evaluation

You will have an opportunity to evaluate the course near the end of the session. A link will be sent to your CougarMail that will allow you to access the evaluation. Be assured that the evaluations are anonymous and that your instructor will not be able to see them until after final grades are submitted.


Additional Resources

Orientation for New Students

This course is offered online, using course management software provided by Desire2Learn and Columbia College. The course user guide provides details about taking an online course at Columbia College. You may also want to visit the course demonstration to view a sample course before this one opens.

Technical Support

If you have problems accessing the course or posting your assignments, contact your instructor, the Columbia College Helpdesk, or the D2L Helpdesk for assistance. Contact information is also available within the online course environment.

Online Tutoring

Smarthinking is a free online tutoring service available to all Columbia College students. Smarthinking provides real-time online tutoring and homework help for Math, English, and Writing. Smarthinking also provides access to live tutorials in writing and math, as well as a full range of study resources, including writing manuals, sample problems, and study skills manuals. You can access the service from wherever you have a connection to the Internet. I encourage you to take advantage of this free service provided by the college.

Access Smarthinking through CougarTrack under Students -> Academics -> Academic Resources.


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