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MASTER SYLLABUS

Master Syllabus

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Administrative Unit: History and Political Science Department
Course Prefix and Number: HIST 337
Course Title: Fascism in Europe, 1900-1945
Number of:
Credit Hours 3
Lecture Hours 0
Lab Hours 3
Catalog Description:

Explores how and why fascist groups achieved power in European states during the early 20th century. Topics include political mobilization, social engineering, resistance and collaboration, racism/anti-Semitism, and gender policies, foreign policy, imperial aims, and mass violence. The course concludes by exploring the legacies fascists left behind for Europe and the world. Prerequisite: HIST 102 or HIST 112. Odd Spring.

 
Prerequisite(s) / Corequisite(s):

HIST 102 or HIST 112

 
Course Rotation for Day Program:

Offered odd Spring.

 
Text(s): Most current editions of the following:

A textbook, a monograph, and the use of primary sources are required in this course.

Required monograph: Choose the most recent edition of one of the following in text 1-8.

Required primary source: Choose the most recent edition of one of the following in text 9-10.

Required main textbook: Choose the most recent edition of one of the following in text 11-12.



1. How Fascism Ruled Women: Italy 1922-1945
By Vittoria de Grazia (University of California)
Category/Comments - Monograph
Recommended
2. Germans into Nazis
By Peter Fritzsche (Harvard University)
Category/Comments - Monograph
Recommended
3. The Racial State: Germany 1933-1945
By Michael Burleigh and Wolfgang Wipperman (Cambridge University)
Category/Comments - Monograph
Recommended
4. Mothers in the Fatherland: Women, the Family, and Nazi Politics
By Claudia Koonz (St. Martin's Press)
Category/Comments - Monograph
Recommended
5. The Nazi Dictatorship: Problems and Perspectives of Interpretation
By Ian Kershaw (Hoddar Education)
Category/Comments - Monograph
Recommended
6. The Path to Genocide: Essays on Launching the Final Solution
By Christopher Browning (Cambridge University Press)
Category/Comments - Monograph
Recommended
7. Fascist Modernities, 1922-1945
By Ruth Ben-Ghit (University of California)
Category/Comments - Monograph
Recommended
8. The Nazi Conscience
By Claudia Koontz (Harvard University)
Category/Comments - Monograph
Recommended
9. The Fascism Reader
By Aristotle A. Kallis, ed. (Routledge)
Category/Comments - Primary Source
Required
10. Fascism
By Roger Griffin, ed. (Oxford University)
Category/Comments - Primary Source
Required
11. A History of Fascism, 1914-1945
By Payne, Stanley G. (University of Wisconsin)
Category/Comments - Main Textbook
Required
12. Fascism in Europe, 1919-1945
By Morgan, Phillip (Routledge)
Category/Comments - Main Textbook
Required
 
Course Objectives
  • To understand the ways in which scholars have defined, interpreted, and debated the concept of fascism.
  • To understand the historical conditions which made fascist ideas attractive to many Europeans.
  • To understand the events and processes by which fascist movements gained power in select European states.
  • To understand how fascists in select states sought to implement plans of social, political, and cultural reform.
  • To understand fascism comparatively, in select national contexts.
  • To understand how Europeans resisted, accommodated, or collaborated with fascist rule.
  • To explore the causes of genocide, as implemented by fascist regimes.
  • To engage deeply with primary works from the period under study.
  • To understand the key legacies which the fascist movements left for Europeans of later generations.
 
Measurable Learning
Outcomes:
  • Describe fascism as a movement and a set of ideas.
  • Analyze the causes of fascism's appeal.
  • Differentiate the various national fascism that emerged between 1900 and 1945.
  • Describe various forms of individual and collective resistance to fascist governments.
  • Analyze the causes of genocide perpetrated by the fascists and collaborators.
  • Assess the impact of fascist thought upon European society and culture.
  • Examine the classed and gendered nature of fascism.   
 
Topical Outline:

The major topics include but are not limited to the following areas:

  • Fascism as an idea: how scholars have understood it
  • Europe at the turn of the 20th century: background forces for fascism's appeal
  • Proto-fascist movements prior to World War I
  • The relationship of World War I to the rise of fascist movements
  • Fascism in Italy: Mussolini's rise to power and program in power
  • Domestic challenges in Mussolini's regime
  • Interwar authoritarianism in smaller European states
  • The development of German fascism, and the Nazi entry into power: a special path?
  • Nazism in practice: social, economic, and cultural policies and practice
  • Fascism and culture: a modernist revolt against modernity?
  • Fascism and gender: new men and new women
  • The racial state: Nazism and the German Jewish population prior to World War II
  • Fascists at war: World War II
  • Paths to genocide
  • Resistance, accomodation, and collaboration
  • Denazification and war crimes trials
  • Legacies of fascism: confronting the past
 
Culminating Experience Statement:

Material from this course may be tested on the History Assessment Test (HAT) administered during the Culminating Experience course for the degree. 
During this course the ETS Proficiency Profile may be administered.  This 40-minute standardized test measures learning in general education courses.  The results of the tests are used by faculty to improve the general education curriculum at the College.

 

Recommended maximum class size for this course: 35

 
Library Resources:

Online databases are available at http://www.ccis.edu/offices/library/index.asp. You may access them from off-campus using your CougarTrack login and password when prompted.

 
Prepared by: David Karr Date: March 14, 2014
NOTE: The intention of this master course syllabus is to provide an outline of the contents of this course, as specified by the faculty of Columbia College, regardless of who teaches the course, when it is taught, or where it is taught. Faculty members teaching this course for Columbia College are expected to facilitate learning pursuant to the course objectives and cover the subjects listed in the topical outline. However, instructors are also encouraged to cover additional topics of interest so long as those topics are relevant to the course's subject. The master syllabus is, therefore, prescriptive in nature but also allows for a diversity of individual approaches to course material.

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