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Effective: Late Fall 8-Week, 2017/2018

HIST 335: Nineteenth Century Europe

Course Description

This course focuses on the major transformation in European politics, economics, culture and society between the French Revolution and World War I. Topics include Napoleonic Europe, industrialization, the emergence of class as a concept for explaining fundamental social change, the revolutions of 1848, the unification of Germany and Italy, expansion of European imperialism especially as seen in Africa, and the convergence of tensions which contributed to the outbreak of World War I.

Prerequisite: HIST 102 or HIST 112

Proctored Exams: Final

Syllabus Contents



  • Rapport, Michael. Nineteenth Century Europe. Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.
    • ISBN-978-0-333-65246-6
  • Sperber, Jonathan. (2005). The European Revolutions, 1848-1851 (2). Cambridge University Press.
    • [ISBN-978-0-521-54779-6]
  • Williamson, D. G. (2011). Bismarck and Germany, 1862-1890 (3). Pearson Education.
    • [ISBN-978-1-4082-2318-5]
  • Rampolla, Mary Lynn. (2015). A Pocket Guide to Writing in History (8). Bedford/ St. Martin’s.
    • [ISBN-978-1-4576-9088-4]

MBS Information

Textbooks for the course may be ordered from MBS Direct. You can order

For additional information about the bookstore, visit

Course Overview

Welcome to the study of Nineteenth Century European history. This course will introduce you to the key events, personalities, and evolution the political, economic, societal and geographical changes in Europe from 1789 to 1914. We will seethe growth of the nation-states system and the conflicts between nations that took place between 1800 and 1914. We will also study many of the great personalities that dominated Europe during this period: Napoleon, Alexander I, Metternich, Emperor Franz Joseph, Louis Napoleon Bonaparte (Napoleon III), Bismarck, Nicholas II, and Kaiser William II. We will see how Bismarck engaged in wars with Denmark, Austria-Hungary and France which let him create a united German nation in 1871 and how Cavour helped created Italy as a nation-state. We will also examine the Crimean War and the conflicts in the Balkans that contributed to the outbreak of World War. By the end of this class, you should have an understanding of 19th Century Europe and the impact it has had on Europe and much of the world in the 20th Century and now into the 21st Century.

Technology Requirements

Participation in this course will require the basic technology for all online classes at Columbia College:
  • A computer with reliable Internet access
  • A web browser
  • Acrobat Reader
  • Microsoft Office or another word processor such as Open Office

You can find more details about standard technical requirements for our courses on our site.

Course Learning Outcomes

  1. Identify key aspects of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic political and social legacies.
  2. Explain the development of key 19th century ideologies such as Romanticism, nationalism, liberalism, conservatism, socialism, and feminism, and their effects on Europe.
  3. Describe the reasons for the outbreaks of the 1848 revolutions, as well as their legacies
  4. Describe the reasons for the growing conflict between European nation-states in the later nineteenth century.
  5. Outline the cultural and technological developments contributing to the emergence of modernity and mass society.
  6. Analyze the fundamental aims of European imperialists in the late nineteenth century.
  7. Describe how continental and imperial conflicts contributed to onset of World War I.


Grading Scale
Grade Points Percent
A 900-1000 90-100%
B 800-899 80-89%
C 700-799 70-79%
D 600-699 60-69%
F 0-599 0-59%
Grade Weights
Assignment Category Points Percent
Discussions (8) 160 16%
Essays (4) 240 24%
Term Paper (1) 200 20%
Final Exam (1) 400 40%
Total 1000 100%

Schedule of Due Dates

Week 1
Assignment Points Due
Discussions 20 Saturday
Week 2
Assignment Points Due
Discussions 20 Saturday
Essay 1 60 Sunday
Proctor Information N/A
Week 3
Assignment Points Due
Discussions 20 Saturday
Essay 2 60 Sunday
Week 4
Assignment Points Due
Discussions 20 Saturday
Essay 3 60 Sunday
Week 5
Assignment Points Due
Discussions 20 Saturday
Week 6
Assignment Points Due
Essay 4 60 Sunday
Discussions 20 Saturday
Week 7
Assignment Points Due
Discussions 20 Saturday
Term Paper 200 Sunday
Week 8
Assignment Points Due
Discussions 20 Saturday
Final Exam 400
Total Points 1000

Assignment Overview


(160 points, 16% of grade) Weekly discussion posts are objective academic exercises. Student postings should be original, relevant observations of the assigned topic(s). Students are expected to read the posts of their fellow classmates and respond to at least two other student postings each week. Simply rephrasing another student’s post is not acceptable. All responses should be original and relevant to the assigned topic. While discussion postings are informal, they should be intelligible and effectively communicate the student’s idea(s). Please pay attention to use of capitalizations, misspellings, incomplete sentences, and other violations of grammatical rules.

Weekly discussion posts are separated into three to four discussion topics based on type: Document, Roundtable, Rampolla, and Online. Each discussion topic will be started by the instructor. You must participate in all discussion topics in order to receive full credit, and your participation will be considered holistically by the instructor. The total possible points for participating during the session equals 100, or a maximum of 12 points per week, except for the first week when an additional four points are added for your Introduction. The key to these posts is quality, NOT quantity! While students have until 11:59pm CT Saturday from Weeks 1 to 7 to post, it is strongly advised that postings be done earlier in the week to facilitate the discussion. For Week 8, discussion posts are due by 11:59pm CT Thursday.

Term Paper

(200 points, 20% of grade) The Term Paper requires the student 1) to critically analyze primary resources and 2) to research related secondary sources when developing assigned topic for the paper. The topic will be assigned in Week 3. The Term Paper provides each student with the opportunity to develop research and writing skills as well as synthesize knowledge about an important subject. Your Term Paper is due by the end of Week 7. You completed Term Paper will be submitted to me via the Dropbox.


(240 points, 24% of grade) There will be four assignments in which you will be tasked to write an essay with the minimum length of two full pages of text on the topic assigned by the instructor; these topics are contained in the weekly assignments. The topics will relate to the material covered during the week each essay is assigned. The essays must be double- spaced and using Font 12, New Times Roman print with one-inch margins at the top, left, right, and bottom margins of each page. A cover sheet with your name and class information is required. Specific detail on the content of each essay will be provided within the course. The essays will be submitted via the Dropbox.

Final Exam

(400 points, 40% of grade) The Final Exam is worth 400 points toward your final grade (40%) for the class. The comprehensive, computerized exam will consist of short answer/definition style questions as well as several essay questions related to the material from the text by Rapport as well as the material from The European Revolutions, 1848-1851 and Bismarck and Germany, 1862-1890 . A review sheet will be sent to you on Sunday of Week 7 outlining what you will need to know for the final exam. NOTE: You will be supervised by a proctor. You will have two hours to take the exam, and you will not be allowed to use books, notes or any outside websites.

Course Outline

Click on each week to view details about the activities scheduled for that week.

Week 1: The French Revolution and Napoleonic Europe

• Review the Syllabus and the CONTENT AREA for information about the course, initial activities, obtaining exam proctors, resources available for technical assistance, announcements and guidance for the four Essays and the Term Paper.

• Find a suitable proctor and schedule a time to complete your Final during Week 8. Be prepared to submit your Proctor information by 11:59pm CT Sunday of Week 2.

• Supplemental: I recommend The Nineteenth Century by T. C. W. Blanning (Oxford University Press – ISBN #0-19-873135-3). This book has a series of essays that parallel the assigned material for this class.

Rampolla: Begin reading through Rampolla’s text to become familiar with the methods used to write history. Define plagiarism according to Rampolla and comment on her “rules for avoiding plagiarism.

• When you have completed all of the assignments for Week One, look at the Week One Checklist and make certain that all of the assignments have been indeed been completed.

• Introduction:
In the Introduction posting in the DISCUSSIONS AREA, tell the class something about yourself and any special interests you have in the study of history.

• Week One Discussion Question 1:
Discuss the key factors that led to the French Revolution and the key events in France from 1789 through 1792. Based on what you have read, do you believe the French Revolution was destined to become the violent and radical revolution that occurred after 1792? Why or why not?

• Week One Discussion Question 2:

The defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte and France in 1814/1815 left Europe in disarray politically, economically, militarily and socially. Some historians have argued that the Congress of Vienna in 1815 attempted to restore Europe to its pre-French Revolution political and geographic structure; other historians have argued that the real purpose was to restore a “balance of power” in Europe that would prevent any one nation to dominate Europe as Napoleon Bonaparte and France had done. Based on what you have read, which of these two propositions seem to most accurately reflect what the principal participants at the Congress of Vienna in 1815 really wanted to achieve?
Reading Assignments

The texts are listed by the primary author’s last name.

  • Rapport:Chapters 1, 2, 3
  • Sperber: No assignment
  • Rampolla
  • Look through the entire text
  • Chapter 6
Week 2: Restoration and Conservatism in Europe from 1815 to 1848
• Review the CONTENT AREA for news and information about the week’s activities.

Supplemental: Look over the text of the settlement of the Congress of Vienna.

• When you have completed all of Week Two assignments, look at the Week Two Checklist to insure everything has been completed.
Reading Assignments
• Rapport: Chapters 4,5,6,7
• Sperber : Chapter 1
Week Two Discussion Question 1:
One of the outcomes of the Congress of Vienna was the establishment of the Quadruple Alliance (Great Britain, Austria, Russia and Prussia) to ensure that there would be no reoccurrence of revolutions in Europe or the rise of another hegemonic power like France had been. What were the factors that enhanced and/or prevented the Quadruple Alliance from being successful in Europe in the two decades after 1815?

Week Two Discussion Question 2:
Discuss the factors that led to the Industrial Revolution beginning and excelling in Great Britain before it took place in France and the rest of Western Europe. Discuss the impact of industrialization on the societies in which the occurred in terms of the rapid urbanization of the populations of the newly industrializing nations, the creation of the industrial poor and how it contrasted the rural poor, and how the government of each of these nations tried to deal with such issues as poor relief, factory safety and women and child labor issues.

Week Two Discussion Question 3:
In 1830 France appeared to be on the verge of another revolution, albeit not for the same reasons nor with the intensity of 1789. Discuss the outcome of events in France that led to the fall of the Bourbon monarchy and the establishment of Louis Philippe as the new French monarch.
Essay 1

Submit your Essay #1 via the appropriate Drop Box folder by 11:59pm CT Sunday.

The topic for Essay 1 is: The period following the Congress of Vienna witness a return to more conservative order in Europe and witnessed the reestablishment of the Bourbon monarchies in both Spain and France although both were a form of constitutional monarchies. In an essay (minimum length of two full pages of text with Font 12 and one-inch margins) discuss the new political system in France under the Charter and the role of the Bourbon King Louis XVIII in that new political system.

Proctor Information
Submit your proctor form to the appropriate Dropbox folder by the end of the week. Remember to “Save” the form before placing it in Dropbox. See the Content area for more information.
Week 3: The European Revolutions in 1848-49 and the Immediate Aftermath.
• Review the CONTENT AREA for news and information about the week’s activities.

Supplemental:You will be given the topic for the term paper on Monday of Week 3.  The outline for your term paper is due to me on Sunday of Week 4.

• When you have completed all of Week Three assignments, look at the Week Three Checklist to insure everything has been completed.
Reading Assignments
• Rapport: Chapter 8
• Sperber: Chapters 3,4,6
Week Three Discussion Question 1:
Discuss the events that led to uprisings in France in Paris and Lyon in 1830 and the political changes as a result of those uprisings. Were the political changes really revolutionary/ Why or why not?

Week Three Discussion Question 2:
The Austrian Empire under the leadership of Prince Metternich managed to keep the Hapsburg Monarchy in power despite the fact that the Austrian Germans were a minority in the Empire. Describe the ethnic make-up of the Austrian Empire and explain how the Austrian managed to keep control of this diverse empire.

Week Three Discussion Question 3:
Two competing concepts for the creation of united German nation arose in the 1840s. One of the concepts was called “grossedeutschland” (literally larger Germany) and the other was “kleinedeutschland” (literally smaller Germany). Describe these two concepts and explain which of them seemed to be more politically possible in the 19th Century.
Essay 2
Submit Essay #2 via the Drop Box by 11:59 p.m. on Sunday.

The topic for Essay #2 is: The Revolutions of 1848 -1849 in Europe raised fear among many European nations that a recurrence of the French Revolution of 1789 was going to take place. That turned out not to be the outcome. In an essay of a minimum length of two full pages of text, discuss the outcomes of the “near” revolutions that took place in France, Austria and Prussia.
Week 4: The Crimean War and Europe in Transition 1852-1871
Term Paper: Your outline for the term paper is due on Sunday of Week 4.

• When you have completed all of Week Four assignments, look at the Week Four Checklist to insure everything has been completed.
Reading Assignments
• Rapport: Chapter 9,10,11
• Williamson: Chapters 1,2,3,4,5,6,7
• Rampolla: Chapters 2 & 7
Week Four Discussion Question 1:
What were the issues that led to the Crimean War and what were the political and territorial outcomes of that war that involved the great powers of France, Russia and Great Britain?

Week Four Discussion Question 2:
Discuss the problems that faced Camillo Cavoir of Piedmont in his efforts to bring about the unification of Italy under the leadership of the Savoy dynasty. What outside events came to Cavoir’s aid and helped him unify northern Italy and later to unify all of Italy into a single nation-state.

Week Four Discussion Question 3:
The abdication of Napoleon III ended the long rule of France by kings or emperors. Discuss the advent of the French Third Republic and the kinds of political institutions that were established.
Essay 3
Submit your Essay #3 to the Dropbox by 11:59pm CT Sunday.

The topic for Essay #3 is: Otto von Bismarck of Prussia became the Minister-President in 1862. Between 1962 and 1871 he orchestrated the creation of a united Germany (The Second German Empire) under the leadership of the Hohenzollern royal family of Prussia. In an essay (at least two full pages of text, double-space, Font 12 and one-inch margins) describe how Bismarck used wars to bring about the creation of the new German state. Why was Bismarck successful in unifying Germany when the revolution of 1848 failed to do so?
Week 5: Europe and Bismarck Diplomacy – 1870-1890
• Review the CONTENT AREA for news and information about the week’s activities.

Supplemental: Text of the treaty of “The Three Emperors’ League”

• When you have finished all of the Week Five assignments, look at the Week Five Checklist to insure that all of the assignments have been completed.
Reading Assignments
• Rapport: Chapters 11, 12
• Williamson: Chapters 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14
• Rampolla: Chapters 3 & 7
• Week Five Discussion Question 1:
Describe the territorial make-up of the Second German Empire and explain the nature political system that Bismarck created in 1871.

• Week Five Discussion Question 2:

What were the basic provisions of the Treaty of Berlin of 1878 that overturned the Treaty of San Stefano and explain who were the winners and losers as a result of the Treaty of Berlin? How did the terms of the settlement of the Treaty of Berlin impact Germany and Bismarck’s goals of the Three Emperors’ League?

• Week Five Discussion Question 3:

Describe the efforts by Tsar Alexander to institute reforms in Russia and how they related to his assassination in 1881. What role did anarchists play in the assassination of Alexander II and what role did they play in the political situation in Russia?

Rampolla: Discuss the following questions: How could Rampolla’s comments on the use of a summary when writing help you with your research paper? In addition, what does she mean in her discussion on how to quote?
Week 6: Europe and the New Imperialism 1870 – 1900
• Review the CONTENT AREA for news and information about the week’s activities.

Supplemental: Compare maps of Africa and South Asia in 1870 and 1900.

When you have finished all of the Week Six assignments, look at the Week Six Checklist to insure that all of the assignments have been completed.
Essay 4
Submit your Essay #4 to the Drop Box by 11:59 Sunday CT.

Essay #4 Topic: European imperialism and the conquest/annexation of most of Africa and South Asia seemed to explode in the period from 1870 to 1890. In an essay explain why the European nations wanted and needed to acquire so much territory outside of the home territory in Europe. What was the impact of imperialism on both the people and societies of Europe and the people and societies of the conquered and annexed territories?
Reading Assignments
• Rapport: Chapter 18
• Williamson: Chapter 13
• Week Six Discussion Question 1:
What were the factors in Europe that led to vast expansion of imperialism by the various European nations between 1870 and 1900?

Week Six Discussion Question 2:
Describe and discuss the overseas expansion of the Second German Empire and why Bismarck had opposed such colonial expansion.
Course Evaluation
Please evaluate the course. You will have an opportunity to evaluate the course near the end of the session. A link sent to your CougarMail will allow you to access the evaluation. Please note that these evaluations are provided so that I can improve the course, find out what students perceive to be its strengths and weaknesses, and in general assess the success of the course. Please do take the time to fill this out.
Week 7: European Societal and Political Reform from 1870 to 1900
• Review the CONTENT AREA for news and information about the week’s activities.

• When you have finished all of the Week Seven assignments, look at the Week Seven Checklist to insure that all of the assignments have been completed.
Reading Assignments
• Rapport: Chapters 11,12,13,14
• Williamson: Chapters 10, 11,14
• Week Seven Discussion Question 1:
What were the conditions in Germany which seemed to account for the growth of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) under the leadership of Eduard Bernstein? In what ways did the principles of Bernstein and the SPD differ from those of followers of Marxist Socialism?

• Week Seven Discussion Question 2:
With the departure of Bismarck as the Chancellor of Germany in 1890, the new German Kaiser William II allowed relations between Germany and Russia to deteriorate ultimately leading to a Franco-Russian alliance, thus ending Bismarck’s efforts to keep France politically and militarily isolated.
Term Paper
Submit your Term Paper to the Dropbox by 11:59 Sunday CT.
Week 8: The End of Peace and the Origins of World War I – 1900-1914
• Review the CONTENT AREA for news and information about the week’s activities.

• When you have finished all of the Week Eight assignments, look at the Week Eight Checklist to insure that all of the assignments have been completed.
Reading Assignments
• Rapport: Chapters 15,16,18
• Week Eight Discussion Question 1:
Describe the membership of the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente and the strengths and weaknesses of each.

• Week Eight Discussion Question 2:

The relationships of the royal families of Europe through marriage had been commonplace for centuries before 1900. However, the fact that three grandsons of Queen Victoria of England were on the thrones of Great Britain, Germany and Russia after 1911 was somewhat unique. Identify the three monarchs and discuss the kinds of political power that each of them had in their respective nations.
Final Exam
You must complete the computerized Final Exam with a proctor by 11:59 pm Saturday.

Course Policies

Student Conduct

All Columbia College students, whether enrolled in a land-based or online course, are responsible for behaving in a manner consistent with Columbia College's Student Conduct Code and Acceptable Use Policy. Students violating these policies will be referred to the office of Student Affairs and/or the office of Academic Affairs for possible disciplinary action. The Student Code of Conduct and the Computer Use Policy for students can be found in the Columbia College Student Handbook. The Handbook is available online; you can also obtain a copy by calling the Student Affairs office (Campus Life) at 573-875-7400. The teacher maintains the right to manage a positive learning environment, and all students must adhere to the conventions of online etiquette.


Your grade will be based in large part on the originality of your ideas and your written presentation of these ideas. Presenting the words, ideas, or expression of another in any form as your own is plagiarism. Students who fail to properly give credit for information contained in their written work (papers, journals, exams, etc.) are violating the intellectual property rights of the original author. For proper citation of the original authors, you should reference the appropriate publication manual for your degree program or course (APA, MLA, etc.). Violations are taken seriously in higher education and may result in a failing grade on the assignment, a grade of "F" for the course, or dismissal from the College.

Collaboration conducted between students without prior permission from the instructor is considered plagiarism and will be treated as such. Spouses and roommates taking the same course should be particularly careful.

All required papers may be submitted for textual similarity review to for the detection of plagiarism. All submitted papers may be included in the reference database for the purpose of detecting plagiarism. This service is subject to the Terms and Conditions of Use posted on the site.


There will be no discrimination on the basis of sex, race, color, national origin, sexual orientation, religion, ideology, political affiliation, veteran status, age, physical handicap, or marital status.

Student Accessibility Resources

Students with documented disabilities who may need academic services for this course are required to register with the office of Student Accessibility Resources. Until the student has been cleared through this office, accommodations do not have to be granted. If you are a student who has a documented disability, it is important for you to read the entire syllabus as soon as possible. The structure or the content of the course may make an accommodation not feasible. Student Accessibility Resources is located in Student Affairs in AHSC 215 and can be reached by phone at (573) 875-7626 or email at

Online Participation

You are expected to read the assigned texts and participate in the discussions and other course activities each week. Assignments should be posted by the due dates stated on the grading schedule in your syllabus. If an emergency arises that prevents you from participating in class, please let your instructor know as soon as possible.

Attendance Policy

Attendance for a week will be counted as having submitted any assigned activity for which points are earned. Attendance for the week is based upon the date work is submitted. A class week is defined as the period of time between Monday and Sunday (except for week 8, when the work and the course will end on Saturday at midnight.) The course and system deadlines are based on the Central Time Zone.

Cougar Email

All students are provided a CougarMail account when they enroll in classes at Columbia College. You are responsible for monitoring email from that account for important messages from the College and from your instructor. You may forward your Cougar email account to another account; however, the College cannot be held responsible for breaches in security or service interruptions with other email providers.

Students should use email for private messages to the instructor and other students. The class discussions are for public messages so the class members can each see what others have to say about any given topic and respond.

Late Assignment Policy

An online class requires regular participation and a commitment to your instructor and your classmates to regularly engage in the reading, discussion and writing assignments. Although most of the online communication for this course is asynchronous, you must be able to commit to the schedule of work for the class for the next eight weeks. You must keep up with the schedule of reading and writing to successfully complete the class.

No late discussion posts will be accepted.

No credit will be given for late discussion posts or late assignments submitted to the Dropbox. Student term papers and exams will be kept on file for one session following the completion of this course.

Course Evaluation

You will have an opportunity to evaluate the course near the end of the session. A link will be sent to your CougarMail that will allow you to access the evaluation. Be assured that the evaluations are anonymous and that your instructor will not be able to see them until after final grades are submitted.

Proctor Policy

Students taking courses that require proctored exams must submit their completed proctor request forms to their instructors by the end of the second week of the session. Proctors located at Columbia College campuses are automatically approved. The use of ProctorU services is also automatically approved. The instructor of each course will consider any other choice of proctor for approval or denial. Additional proctor choices the instructor will consider include: public librarians, high school or college instructors, high school or college counseling services, commanding officers, education service officers, and other proctoring services. Personal friends, family members, athletic coaches and direct supervisors are not acceptable.

Additional Resources

Orientation for New Students

This course is offered online, using course management software provided by Desire2Learn and Columbia College. The course user guide provides details about taking an online course at Columbia College. You may also want to visit the course demonstration to view a sample course before this one opens.

Technical Support

If you have problems accessing the course or posting your assignments, contact your instructor, the Columbia College Helpdesk, or the D2L Helpdesk for assistance. Contact information is also available within the online course environment.

Online Tutoring

Smarthinking is a free online tutoring service available to all Columbia College students. Smarthinking provides real-time online tutoring and homework help for Math, English, and Writing. Smarthinking also provides access to live tutorials in writing and math, as well as a full range of study resources, including writing manuals, sample problems, and study skills manuals. You can access the service from wherever you have a connection to the Internet. I encourage you to take advantage of this free service provided by the college.

Access Smarthinking through CougarTrack under Students -> Academics -> Academic Resources.


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