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Online classes

Effective: Late Fall 8-Week, 2017/2018

ECON 320: The Economics Of Healthcare

Course Description

Overview of economic influences in the production and financing of health care.

Prerequisite: ECON 293 and ECON 294

Proctored Exams: None



Syllabus Contents

Textbooks

Required

  • Henderson, James W. Health Economics and Policy. 6th ed. Southwestern Cengage, 2015.
    • ISBN-978-1-285-75849-7
      • Note: Additional Learning Resources—Each week students will read articles and/or watch videos on health care related issues. These materials will help you better understand the topics in health economics and can be found in the Content section under each week. Because of wide scope and rapidly changing nature of the health care industry, new articles/books/videos etc. are constantly emerging. These materials will be made available based on their relevance to the weekly topics of discussion. Proactive students are also encouraged to share them with the class when they discover any new reading related to our weekly topic.

MBS Information

Textbooks for the course may be ordered from MBS Direct. You can order

For additional information about the bookstore, visit http://www.mbsbooks.com.


Course Overview

As an undergraduate class, this course will provide an overview of health economics in general. The goal of this class is to use the tools of economics to gain insight into the health care system. We will consider the following topics: health production and the demand for health; health insurance and insurance markets; the role of doctors, pharmaceutical companies, hospitals, and government in health care; and medical care systems worldwide as a comparison to the U.S. system. Students should be able to think critically about health-related policy issues by the end of the class. The class prerequisites presume students have some basic background in economics.


Technology Requirements

Participation in this course will require the basic technology for all online classes at Columbia College:
  • A computer with reliable Internet access
  • A web browser
  • Acrobat Reader
  • Microsoft Office or another word processor such as Open Office

You can find more details about standard technical requirements for our courses on our site.


Course Learning Outcomes

  1. Explain the forces shaping the U.S. healthcare system and how the health markets work and the role of competition in the efficient allocation of resources.
  2. Apply economic tools and apply them to the healthcare market and analyze their effect on patients, providers and policy makers.
  3. Describe the influences on the supply and demand of healthcare.
  4. Analyze the role of competition in the healthcare market.
  5. Describe the role of government intervention in healthcare markets and provide an economic rationale for government intervention in healthcare markets.

Grading

Grading Scale
Grade Points Percent
A 900-1000 90-100%
B 800-899 80-89%
C 700-799 70-79%
D 600-699 60-69%
F 0-599 0-59%
Grade Weights
Assignment Category Points Percent
Discussions 200 20%
Dropbox Assignments 100 10%
Course Project 100 10%
Exams 600 60%
Total 1000 100%


Schedule of Due Dates

Week 1
Assignment Points Due
Introduction 0 Wednesday
Discussion 1 Post 15
Discussion 1 Responses 10 Sunday
Dropbox Assignment 1 30
Week 2
Assignment Points Due
Discussion 2 Post 15 Wednesday
Discussion 2 Responses 10 Sunday
Quiz 1 150
Week 3
Assignment Points Due
Discussion 3 Post 15 Wednesday
Discussion 3 Responses 10 Sunday
Dropbox Assignment 2 30
Week 4
Assignment Points Due
Discussion 4 Post 15 Wednesday
Discussion 4 Responses 10 Sunday
Quiz 2 150
Week 5
Assignment Points Due
Discussion 5 Post 15 Wednesday
Discussion 5 Responses 10 Sunday
Dropbox Assignment 3 40
Week 6
Assignment Points Due
Discussion 6 Post 15 Wednesday
Discussion 6 Responses 10 Sunday
Quiz 3 150
Week 7
Assignment Points Due
Discussion 7 Post 15 Wednesday
Discussion 7 Responses 10 Sunday
Course Project 100
Week 8
Assignment Points Due
Discussion 8 Post 15 Wednesday
Discussion 8 Responses 10 Saturday
Quiz 4 150
Total Points 1000

Assignment Overview

Readings

Complete each week’s reading assignments prior to embarking on other assignments; strive to show your comprehension of the reading in Discussions and Dropbox work.

Dropbox Assignments

Students will have three Dropbox Assignments, or writing assignments which will involve critical analysis of the concepts in the text readings for the week. Written responses should be placed in the Dropbox by Sunday. Late submissions are allowed only with prior approval.  Assignments for submission to the Dropbox should evidence correct spelling and sentence structure and follow the rules of good grammar to earn maximum points. Points will be deducted for misspellings, incomplete sentences, poor sentence structure, or improper grammar. Students will be required to submit assignments in a Word document (.doc or .docx) using basic APA writing standards. Please read the “Formatting Assignments” topic in the Content area and follow the guidelines listed.

All required papers may be submitted for textual similarity review to Turnitin.com for the detection of plagiarism. All submitted papers may be included in the Turnitin.com reference database for the purpose of detecting plagiarism. This service is subject to the Terms and Conditions of Use posted on the Turnitin.com site. Also, review the rubric for Dropbox Assignments, which is provided in the Grading Criteria section of this syllabus.


Discussions

The discussions involve conceptual applications of the principles and concepts covered each week. Each week students will submit answers to one or two discussion questions. To receive full credit, students are expected to respond to each discussion topic with an in-depth answer. Your main discussion post will be due by 11:59 PM Wednesday, and responses to other students’ posts will be due by Sunday with the exception of Week 8 when all assignments will be due on Saturday, at 11:59 PM. Students’ grades on the Discussions section will be based on both quantity and quality of their postings. To receive full points in the responses part of the discussion forum, students must participate in Discussions (with in-depth comments) between Thursday and Sunday, not just on Sunday alone. You will not receive full credit if all of your postings are made on the same day.

A single posting to the weekly discussion will meet the “minimum” requirement and keep you from earning zero for the week. As mentioned before, points for the weekly discussion are earned from substantial participation with substantive comments that show evidence of your understanding of the reading assignment from the textbook or from other sources of information relevant to the discussion topic. A substantive post conveys a specific and well-developed thought, idea, or comment whether the post is authored in response to the discussion topic or a post made by another student or the instructor. Postings such as, “good idea,” or, “I agree with you,” are good to support your fellow students, but are insufficient to earn points toward your grade for the weekly discussion. Please review the rubric for Discussion Postings in the Course Content area of D2L.

Read the “Formatting Assignments” topic in the Content area and post your Discussions and responses accordingly. Do not post your answers or responses as attachments. Discussion postings submitted as attachments will receive zero credit.


Quizzes

Quizzes contribute to the learning of economic and business concepts related to the health care industry. There will be four quizzes total given on week 2, week 4, week 6, and week 8.  These quizzes will open on Friday and must be submitted (completed) by 11:59 PM Sunday with the exception of Week 8 when the quiz will be due Saturday, at 11:59 PM. Each quiz will have 30 multiple choice questions (worth 5 points each) and students will receive 60 minutes to complete each quiz. No make-up quizzes will be given except under extraordinary circumstances.

Course Project

The Course Project will demonstrate a student’s communication, analytical, and online research skills in discussing a topic related to health care economics.  The project should be a formal paper (including an executive summary) that provides an insightful analysis using economic concepts with a discussion that demonstrates critical thinking ability.  The paper should have an introduction explaining why the topic is of interest, a short literature review, a main body of the paper that uses economic concepts and tools to discuss all the relevant issues on that topic, a discussion on policy and implications, conclusion, and a bibliography section citing all the sources.  The project paper must include a minimum of two economic principles studied during the term of the course, i.e. opportunity cost, marginal analysis, markets and pricing, supply and demand, elasticity, efficiency, or market failure.

The course project should be between 7 and 10 double spaced pages (excluding the reference section) with one inch margin on all sides.  It needs to be submitted in a Word document (.doc or .docx) using basic APA writing standards.  The paper is due by 11:59 PM Sunday of Week 7 to allow time for grading.  A draft of the final paper can be submitted before the end of Week 7 if the student desires feedback from the instructor.  See Week 7 for a list of potential topics.

Students who submit plagiarized work will be reported to the appropriate authority at Columbia College for disciplinary action. 



Course Outline

Click on each week to view details about the activities scheduled for that week.

Week 1: Welcome, Introductions, and Fundamental Concepts in Health Care
Readings
Read and study Chapters 1 and 2
Introduction
Introduce yourself in the "Introductions" topic. Please give us more than your name. Include your profession; hobbies, your interest in economics, and any other pertinent information that will help us get to know one another. Comment on what you would like to discover/learn in the next 8 weeks. Please post your introduction in the appropriate topic by 11:59 PM, Wednesday.
Discussion 1 Post

Select one of the following critical analysis and discussion questions and post your answer. Please write out the question at the top of your answer.

View the video, “A Health Care Crises.” (The link may be found in the Content section.)

  1. Thomas Sowell, a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution, has stated that we “have difficulty understanding the strange way words are used by politicians and the media." We often think of a crisis in terms of an emergency, a situation of utmost urgency, maybe even life or death. According to Sowell, politicians use the term differently. They define a crisis as any situation they want to change. How do you define the term crisis? According to the Sowell’s video and your text does the United States have a health care crisis?
  2. You have just been appointed to the post of Surgeon General of the United States. The president wants you to develop an advertising campaign called, “A Healthy America by the Year 2020” that encourages Americans to lead a healthier lifestyle. What type of behavior(s) would you try to influence? Why?

 Your discussion post is due by 11:59 PM Wednesday.

Discussion 1 Responses
Please respond to other students’ postings during Thursday – Sunday. Please note that even if you decide not to answer the video question, you are still required to view the video to respond to other students’ discussions on the video. Response and participation in each discussion is required for full credit.
Dropbox Assignment 1

Using a supply-and-demand graph and assuming competitive markets, show and explain the effect on equilibrium price and quantity of the following: 

  1. A technological change that reduces the cost of producing X-rays on the market for physician clinic services.
  2. Increased graduations of new doctors on the market for physician services.
  3. The virtual elimination of smoking in the population on the market for hospital services.
  4. A price ceiling placed on physician fees in the market for physician services.
This assignment is worth 30 points. Your answer must demonstrate that you know how to shift supply and demand curves (comparative statics) under various scenarios. Submit your answer in the Dropbox by 11:59 PM Sunday.
Week 2: The Medical Care Market and Economic Evaluation in Health Care
Readings
Read and study Chapters 3 and 4
Discussion 2 Post

Select one of the following critical analysis and discussion questions and post your answer.  Please write out the question at the top of your answer. 

View the video entitled, “Episode 32: Externalities.” (The link may be found in the Content section.)
  1. Briefly discuss the concept of externality (positive and negative) using an example related to health care. Your text book uses the example of a smoker in a crowded room that imposes costs on everyone else in the room. Use a different health care related example to explain the concept of externality. Does every negative externality situation require a government intervention? If so, why. If not, why not?
  2. Choices in health care delivery must be made at two levels: (1) the individual physician prescribing a course of treatment for an individual patient and (2) the policy maker determining the availability of medical care to an entire group of patients or a community. One way to choose among alternative treatment regimens and community programs is by using the criterion of economic efficiency. Briefly describe the three types of appraisal that enter into medical economics. Discuss the unique features of each, and describe their basic strengths and weaknesses.

Your discussion post is due by 11:59 PM Wednesday

Discussion 2 Responses
Please respond to other students’ postings during Thursday – Sunday. Please note that even if you decide not to answer the video question, you are still required to view the video to respond to other students’ discussions on the video. Response and participation in each discussion is required for full credit.
Quiz 1
You must take Quiz 1 by 11:59 PM Sunday of this week. The quiz will open on Friday at 12:00 pm and will close at 11:59 PM on Sunday. There will be 30 multiple choice questions randomly selected from chapters 1-4. You will have 60 minutes to take the quiz. Quizzes can be accessed through the Quizzes area of the course.
Week 3: Demand for Medical Care & the Market for Health Insurance
Readings
Read and study Chapters 5 and 6
Discussion 3 Post

Select one of the following critical analysis and discussion questions and post your answer. Please write out the question at the top of your answer.

View the video entitled, “Healthcare Reform 101 Part 1.” (The link may be found in the Content section.)

a. One of the main reasons for the urgency of health care reform is the absence of a well-functioning health insurance market. While many Americans are more or less content with their employer sponsored health care plan, there is a large segment of the population (self-employed or unemployed) which cannot receive insurance from the private market at a fair price. In this video, Jonathan Gruber, the MIT economist, discusses the key issues and challenges surrounding the health insurance market. Briefly discuss these key issues and challenges faced by the policy makers.

b. Some argue that the price elasticity of demand can be used to determine whether a good or service is a luxury or a necessity. In medical care, a procedure with an elastic demand would be considered optional, or elective, and a procedure with an inelastic demand would be a medical necessity. Should planners use price elasticity of demand as a guide to defining services that are medically necessary? What are the advantages of such a classification scheme? What are the drawbacks?

c. Visit the web site of the National Center for Health Statistics. Spend some time studying the leading causes of death for different age groups (the link may be found in the Content). What are the three leading causes of death for each age cohort listed? What are some of the policy implications?

Your discussion post is due by 11:59 PM Wednesday.
Discussion 3 Responses
Please respond to other students’ postings during Thursday – Sunday. Please note that even if you decide not to answer the video question, you are still required to view the video to respond to other students’ discussions on the video. Response and participation in each discussion is required for full credit.
Dropbox Assignment 2

According to studies undertaken by the US Department of Agriculture, the price elasticity of demand for cigarettes is between – 0.3 and – 0.4 and the income elasticity is about + 0.5. 

  1. Suppose Congress, influenced by studies linking cigarette smoking to cancer, plans to raise the excise tax on cigarettes so the price rises by 10%.Estimate the effect the price increase will have on cigarette consumption and consumer spending on cigarettes (in percentage terms).
  2. Suppose a major brokerage firm advised its clients to buy cigarette stocks under the assumption that, if consumer incomes rise by 50% as expected over the next decade, cigarette sales will double.What is your reaction to this investment advice?
This assignment is worth 30 points.  Your answer should include adequate discussion as well as a graph demonstrating your knowledge of the subject.  Submit your answer in the Dropbox by 11:59 PM Sunday.
Week 4: Managed Care and the Physicians’ Services Market
Readings
Read and study Chapters 7 and 8
Discussion 4 Post

Select one of the following critical analysis and discussion questions and post your answer. Please write out the question at the top of your answer.

View the video entitled, “Healthcare Crisis, Part 1.” (The link may be found in the Content section.)

  1. The managed care system emerged as the alternative payment and delivery mechanism to traditional fee-for-service indemnity insurance. Discuss how managed care organizations work according to Dr. Hui. What do all managed care organizations have in common?
  2. “As the health care delivery system becomes increasingly cost conscious, physicians are no longer able to serve as advocates for their patients’ medical needs. ”In light of this concern, discuss the changing role of the physician in the managed care environment.
  3. The American Medical Association (AMA) has been actively involved in shaping the regulation of nursing and other health care practitioners.What are the arguments for and against the AMA determining the scope of legitimate activities for other health care practitioners?

 Your discussion post is due by 11:59 PM Wednesday.

Discussion 4 Responses
Please respond to other students’ postings during Thursday – Sunday. Please note that even if you decide not to answer the video question, you are still required to view the video to respond to other students’ discussions on the video. Response and participation in each discussion is required for full credit.
Quiz 2
You must take Quiz 2 by 11:59 PM Sunday of this week. The quiz will open on Friday at 12:00 pm and will close at 11:59 PM on Sunday. There will be 30 multiple choice questions randomly selected from chapters 5-8. You will have 60 minutes to take the quiz. Quizzes can be accessed through the Quizzes area of the course.
Week 5: The Market for Hospital Services and Pharmaceuticals
Readings
Read and study Chapters 9 and 10
Discussion 5 Post

Select one of the following critical analysis and discussion questions and post your answer. Please write out the question at the top of your answer.

  1. The critical issue in the debate over the merits of the for-profit hospital structure is whether the profit motive has a negative impact on quality of care and access for the poor and uninsured. Is there a significant difference in quality and access between for-profit and not-for-profit hospitals?What is the empirical evidence? (Clearly distinguish between private not-for-profit hospitals and public hospitals.)
  2. A person learns from a genetic test that she has a predisposition for a certain disease, say, Alzheimer’s disease. Who should have access to that genetic information? Medical practitioner? Insurance companies? Family members? The individual? What are the pros and cons of making that information available to each of the above parties?
  3. Pharmaceutical spending is about 10 percent of total health care spending in the United States.Why do you suppose the industry is the target of such severe criticism? What are some of the important economic issues that help us understand availability and pricing in the pharmaceutical industry?

 Your discussion post is due by 11:59 PM Wednesday. 

Discussion 5 Responses
Please respond to other students’ postings during Thursday – Sunday. Response and participation in each discussion is required for full credit.
Dropbox Assignment 3

View the video entitled, “Should We Demand an End to Drug Patents? It’s Killing You!” (The link may be found in the Content section.) In this video, Neal Asbury, host of “Truth for America” joins Thom Hartmann as they discuss the controversial issue – ending the patent protection of pharmaceutical companies for humanitarian reasons. There are strong arguments on both sides. Discuss the major issues on sacrificing intellectual property rights for humanitarian causes. What’s your opinion? Besides viewing the video, feel free to conduct an online search on the topic to collect materials for your answer. Provide those citations in your answer and articulate your argument with facts rather than emotion.

This assignment is worth 40 points.  Submit your answer in the Dropbox by 11:59 PM Sunday.

Week 6: Confounding Factors Behind High Cost and Policies That Enhance Access
Readings
Read and study Chapters 11 and 12
Discussion 6 Post

Select one of the following critical analysis and discussion questions and post your answer. Please write out the question at the top of your answer.

  1. View the video entitled, “Professor Warren Debunks A Few Healthcare Myths.” (The link may be found in the Content section.) U.S. Senator and Harvard Professor, Elizabeth Warren, debunks a few healthcare myths and presents some shocking statistics about our healthcare. For example, one of the myths is that having health care means we’re all protected and safe. Professor Warren says “75% of the families who ended up in bankruptcy in the aftermath of a serious medical problem had health insurance at the onset of the illness or accident that ultimately landed them in bankruptcy.” After watching the video, briefly summarize and discuss these myths of health care system as explained by Professor Warren.
  2. Is it important to characterize such social problems as alcoholism and drug abuse as diseases rather than behavior disorders? What are the implications of treating other social problems as diseases? What about obesity? Domestic violence? What are the economic implications for the medical care system of the proliferation of these new “diseases”?
  3. “It is impossible to place a dollar value on life.In other words, life is priceless.” How does this view create a dilemma for social decision making and effective resource allocation?
  4. The United States takes pride in free market system, freedom, and individual achievements, yet one of the major problems in dealing with any welfare program is the tension between individual and social responsibility – Medicare is no different. Should adult children be responsible for the medical expenses of their parents? Where does individual and family responsibility end and social responsibility begin? Discuss the main issues surrounding the high cost of Medicare and Medicaid and what can be done to contain the cost in coming years.

 Your discussion post is due by 11:59 PM Wednesday.

Discussion 6 Responses
Please respond to other students’ postings during Thursday – Sunday. Please note that even if you decide not to answer the video question, you still need to watch the video to respond to other students’ discussions on the video. Response and participation in each discussion is required for full credit.
Quiz 3
You must take Quiz 3 by 11:59 PM Sunday of this week. The quiz will open on Friday at 12:00 pm and will close at 11:59 PM on Sunday. There will be 30 multiple choice questions randomly selected from chapters 9-12. You will have 60 minutes to take the quiz. Quizzes can be accessed through the Quizzes area of the course.
Course Evaluation
Please evaluate the course. You will have an opportunity to evaluate the course near the end of the session. A link sent to your CougarMail will allow you to access the evaluation. Please note that these evaluations are provided so that I can improve the course, find out what students perceive to be its strengths and weaknesses, and in general assess the success of the course. Please do take the time to fill this out.
Week 7: Policies to Contain Costs and Medical Care Systems Worldwide
Readings
Read and study Chapters 13 and 14
Discussion 7 Post

Select one of the following critical analysis and discussion questions and post your answer. Please write out the question at the top of your answer. 

  1. Advocates of a market orientation system argue that exclusive reliance on the visible hands of government will never bring spending under control. The missing component has been the invisible hand of the market pricing mechanism. Patients spending their own money have an incentive to control spending.Do you agree or disagree? Please support your argument.
  2. Ronald Coase received the Nobel Prize in economics for his contribution in the theory of externality and common property resources. Common property often means that no one takes care of resources, or at minimum that resources are not cared for as well as if they were privately owned. What are some of the problems with collective ownership in the health care industry? Can you think of some examples in which collective ownership works? In what situation does it not work?
  3. View the video entitled, “How does the US Stack Up Against Other Countries Health Care.” (The link may be found in the Content.) This video contains clips of different countries and their healthcare systems and compares them with our US health care. What can we learn from the healthcare systems in other countries? Do you think it is possible to institute similar systems in the U.S.? Why, or why not?Please support your argument.

Your discussion post is due by 11:59 PM Wednesday.

Discussion 7 Responses
Please respond to other students’ postings during Thursday – Sunday. Please note that even if you decide not to answer the video question, you still need to watch the video to respond to other students’ discussions on the video. Response and participation in each discussion is required for full credit.
Course Project

The Course Project will demonstrate a student’s communication, analytical, and online research skills in discussing a topic related to health care economics.  The project should be a formal paper (including an executive summary) that provides an insightful analysis using economic concepts with a discussion that demonstrates critical thinking ability.  The paper should have an introduction explaining why the topic is of interest, a short literature review, a main body of the paper that uses economic concepts and tools to discuss all the relevant issues on that topic, a discussion on policy and implications, conclusion, and a bibliography section citing all the sources.  The project paper must include a minimum of two economic principles studied during the term of the course, i.e. opportunity cost, marginal analysis, markets and pricing, supply and demand, elasticity, efficiency, or market failure. 

The course project should be between 7 and 10 double spaced pages (excluding the reference section) with one inch margin on all sides.  It needs to be submitted in a Word document (.doc or .docx) using basic APA writing standards.  The paper is due by 11:59 PM Sunday of Week 7 to allow time for grading.  A draft of the final paper can be submitted before the end of Week 7 if the student desires feedback from the instructor. 

Students who submit plagiarized work will be reported to the appropriate authority at Columbia College for disciplinary action. 

The following is a list of few potential topics that students can consider.  Other topics in health care economics can also be chosen and must be approved by the instructor. 

  • Clinton’s proposed health care reform – how was it different from the new ObamaCare.
  • Problems with Creating Health Care Policy in Less Developed Countries
  • The Economics of Medicare and Medicaid Reform
  • Nursing "Shortages": Monopsony Power in the Market for Registered Nurses?
  • Effects of Smoking Regulations and Taxes on Cigarette Demand
  • The Economic Implications of Higher Sales Tax on Sugary Drinks
  • The Economics of Subsidizing Childhood Immunizations
  • The Lessons from SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)
  • Pharmaceutical Advertising: Informing or Merely Promoting?
  • The Cost-Saving Potential of Preventive Care
  • Self-Referral: The Real Culprit in High Spending?
  • Price Discrimination in Medical Care
  • Generic Competition and Brand-Name Pricing
  • A New Form of Competition in Medical Markets: Medical Travel
  • Demystifying the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act

 A Comparative Analysis of the Health Care Systems in Developed Countries

Week 8: Medical Care Reform and Lessons for Public Policy
Readings

Read and study Chapters 15 and 16

*Please be reminded that Week 8 of the term closes on Saturday, instead of Sunday.

Discussion 8 Post

Select one of the following critical analysis and discussion questions and post your answer. Please write out the question at the top of your answer. 

  1. View the video entitled, “The Future of US Healthcare” by Barry Bittman, MD. (The link may be found in the Content.) Among other things, the video talks about “Triple AIM.”What is “Triple AIM” under the Affordable Care Act? The video also cites the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) projections that our national health care expenditures will rise to $4.48 trillion by 2019, a number equivalent to 19.3 percent of our GDP. There is no doubt that the system must be reformed in order to sustain a viable and affordable health care system for everyone. What is Dr. Bittman’s recommendation for health care reform? Do you agree with his recommendations? Please support your argument.
  2. The Affordable Care Act is expected to help increase access to health care. Health insurance exchanges will be an important part of that. Most people get health insurance through their employers. But people without this option will now be able to shop for health insurance on exchanges, as an alternative to buying coverage directly from individual health insurers. Exchanges are new and easy to use. And they’ll be open for business in October 2013, allowing consumers to shop for health plans that will begin on January 1st. Experts predict that by 2016, more than 25 million people will use exchanges to buy health insurance. Doing an online search discuss the following: What are these exchanges? How are they supposed to work? How will things change? And why is this important?

Your discussion post is due by 11:59 PM Wednesday

Discussion 8 Responses
Please respond to other students’ postings during Thursday – Saturday. Please note that even if you decide not to answer the video question, you still need to watch the video to respond to other students’ discussions on the video. Response and participation in each discussion is required for full credit.
Quiz 4

You must take Quiz 4 by 11:59 PM Saturday of this week. The quiz will open on Thursday at 12:00 PM and will close at 11:59 PM on Saturday. There will be 30 multiple choice questions randomly selected from chapters 13-16. You will have 60 minutes to take the quiz. Quizzes can be accessed through the Quizzes area of the course.



Course Policies

Student Conduct

All Columbia College students, whether enrolled in a land-based or online course, are responsible for behaving in a manner consistent with Columbia College's Student Conduct Code and Acceptable Use Policy. Students violating these policies will be referred to the office of Student Affairs and/or the office of Academic Affairs for possible disciplinary action. The Student Code of Conduct and the Computer Use Policy for students can be found in the Columbia College Student Handbook. The Handbook is available online; you can also obtain a copy by calling the Student Affairs office (Campus Life) at 573-875-7400. The teacher maintains the right to manage a positive learning environment, and all students must adhere to the conventions of online etiquette.

Plagiarism

Your grade will be based in large part on the originality of your ideas and your written presentation of these ideas. Presenting the words, ideas, or expression of another in any form as your own is plagiarism. Students who fail to properly give credit for information contained in their written work (papers, journals, exams, etc.) are violating the intellectual property rights of the original author. For proper citation of the original authors, you should reference the appropriate publication manual for your degree program or course (APA, MLA, etc.). Violations are taken seriously in higher education and may result in a failing grade on the assignment, a grade of "F" for the course, or dismissal from the College.

Collaboration conducted between students without prior permission from the instructor is considered plagiarism and will be treated as such. Spouses and roommates taking the same course should be particularly careful.

All required papers may be submitted for textual similarity review to Turnitin.com for the detection of plagiarism. All submitted papers may be included in the Turnitin.com reference database for the purpose of detecting plagiarism. This service is subject to the Terms and Conditions of Use posted on the Turnitin.com site.

Non-Discrimination

There will be no discrimination on the basis of sex, race, color, national origin, sexual orientation, religion, ideology, political affiliation, veteran status, age, physical handicap, or marital status.

Student Accessibility Resources

Students with documented disabilities who may need academic services for this course are required to register with the office of Student Accessibility Resources. Until the student has been cleared through this office, accommodations do not have to be granted. If you are a student who has a documented disability, it is important for you to read the entire syllabus as soon as possible. The structure or the content of the course may make an accommodation not feasible. Student Accessibility Resources is located in Student Affairs in AHSC 215 and can be reached by phone at (573) 875-7626 or email at sar@ccis.edu.

Online Participation

You are expected to read the assigned texts and participate in the discussions and other course activities each week. Assignments should be posted by the due dates stated on the grading schedule in your syllabus. If an emergency arises that prevents you from participating in class, please let your instructor know as soon as possible.

Attendance Policy

Attendance for a week will be counted as having submitted any assigned activity for which points are earned. Attendance for the week is based upon the date work is submitted. A class week is defined as the period of time between Monday and Sunday (except for week 8, when the work and the course will end on Saturday at midnight.) The course and system deadlines are based on the Central Time Zone.

Cougar Email

All students are provided a CougarMail account when they enroll in classes at Columbia College. You are responsible for monitoring email from that account for important messages from the College and from your instructor. You may forward your Cougar email account to another account; however, the College cannot be held responsible for breaches in security or service interruptions with other email providers.

Students should use email for private messages to the instructor and other students. The class discussions are for public messages so the class members can each see what others have to say about any given topic and respond.

Late Assignment Policy

An online class requires regular participation and a commitment to your instructor and your classmates to regularly engage in the reading, discussion and writing assignments. Although most of the online communication for this course is asynchronous, you must be able to commit to the schedule of work for the class for the next eight weeks. You must keep up with the schedule of reading and writing to successfully complete the class.

No late discussion posts will be accepted.

No late assignments will be accepted without extenuating circumstances beyond the control of the student and with instructor notification prior to the due date.

Course Evaluation

You will have an opportunity to evaluate the course near the end of the session. A link will be sent to your CougarMail that will allow you to access the evaluation. Be assured that the evaluations are anonymous and that your instructor will not be able to see them until after final grades are submitted.


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