Effective: Late Fall 8-Week, 2018/2019

CJAD 320: Cultural Diversity In Criminal Justice

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  Course Description

Examination of current issues, social problems and public policies relating to the administration of justice in a culturally diverse community. This course is strongly recommended as a prerequisite for CJAD 345, Ethics and Morality in Criminal Justice. Course meets Multicultural graduation requirement.

Prerequisite: CJAD 101, ENGL 111 and sophomore standing

Proctored Exams: None


As part of TruitionSM, students will receive their course materials automatically as described below.


  •  Shusta, R.M., Levine, D.R., Harris, P.R., & Wong, H. Z. (2015). Multicultural Law Enforcement: Strategies for a Peacekeeping in a Diverse Society (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, Inc.  eText

Bookstore Information

Visit https://www.ccis.edu/bookstore.aspx for details.

eText Information

If a course uses an eText, (see Textbook information above) the book will be available directly in Desire2Learn (D2L) and through the VitalSource eText reader the Friday before the session begins, if registered for courses prior to that date.  Students will have a VitalSource account created for them using their CougarMail email address. Upon first login to VitalSource, students may need to verify their account and update their VitalSource password.  More information about how to use the VitalSource platform, including offline access to eTexts, can be found in D2L.  Students that would like to order an optional print-on-demand copy of eligible eTexts can do so through the VitalSource bookshelf at an additional cost.  Once orders are placed, it can take approximately five to seven business days for students to receive their print-on-demand books.

Physical Course Materials Information

Students enrolled in courses that require physical materials will receive these materials automatically at the address on file with Columbia College.  Delivery date of physical materials is dependent on registration date and shipping location.  Please refer to confirmation emails sent from Ed Map for more details on shipping status.

Returns: Students who drop a course with physical course materials will be responsible for returning those items to Ed Map within 30 days of receipt of the order.  More specific information on how to do so will be included in the package received from Ed Map.  See here for Ed Map's return policy. Failure to return physical items from a dropped course will result in a charge to the student account for all unreturned items.

Note: Students who opt-out of having their books provided as part of TruitionSM are responsible for purchasing their own course materials.

  Course Overview

Welcome to Cultural Diversity in Criminal Justice (CJAD 320), online! Material in this course will address key multicultural issues facing law enforcement in the 21st century. Information will be presented that provides insightful and practical information on how law enforcement professionals can work effectively with diverse cultural groups, both inside their organizations as well as in the community. The course goal is to focus on the cross-cultural and racial contact that police officers and civilian employees have with citizens, victims, suspects, and co-workers from diverse backgrounds.  You should, upon course completion, have a working knowledge of the role that cultural diversity plays in the administration of justice.

Each week we'll focus on a different aspect of cultural diversity in criminal justice with class discussions and other activities that will help us understand the issues and problems encountered while working and living in an increasingly diverse society.

  Technology Requirements

Participation in this course will require the basic technology for all online classes at Columbia College:
  • A computer with reliable Internet access
  • A web browser
  • Acrobat Reader
  • Microsoft Office or another word processor such as Open Office

You can find more details about standard technical requirements for our courses on our site.

  Course Learning Outcomes

  1. Describe the cultural diversity issues facing police, courts, and corrections in the criminal justice system.
  2. Explain the changing ethnicity of communities and related changes to social and institutional policy.
  3. Articulate the roles and functions of police, courts, and corrections in a culturally diverse society.
  4. Describe the legal, ethical and historical considerations associated with involvement in a diverse society.
  5. Explain, evaluate and apply important theories and policies regarding cultural diversity issues.


Grading Scale

Grade Points Percent
A 540-600 90-100%
B 480-539 80-89%
C 420-479 70-79%
D 360-419 60-69%
F 0-359 0-59%

Grade Weights

Assignment Category Points Percent
Discussions (9) 175 29%
Quizzes (5) 125 21%
Dropbox Assignments (3) 100 17%
Exams (2) 200 33%
Total 600 100%

  Schedule of Due Dates

Week 1

Assignment Points Due
Introduction Discussion 15 Sunday
Discussion 1 20
Dropbox 1 - Scavenger Hunt 10

Week 2

Assignment Points Due
Discussion 2 20 Sunday
Quiz 1 25

Week 3

Assignment Points Due
Discussion 3 20 Sunday
Quiz 2 25
Dropbox 2 - Crash Analysis 20

Week 4

Assignment Points Due
Discussion 4 20 Sunday
Midterm Exam 100

Week 5

Assignment Points Due
Discussion 5 20 Sunday
Quiz 3 25

Week 6

Assignment Points Due
Discussion 6 20 Sunday
Quiz 4 25

Week 7

Assignment Points Due
Discussion 7 20 Sunday
Quiz 5 25
Dropbox 3 - Criminal Profiling/Racial Profiling 70

Week 8

Assignment Points Due
Discussion 8 20 Saturday
Final Exam 100
Total Points: 600

  Assignment Overview


In our course, the discussions are more than “chats”; they are academic endeavors that require some outside research and use of your textbook. One initial post and at least one response is required. All students will observe conventions of "online etiquette," when communicating online which includes courtesy to all users. Please review the grading rubric found in the course for more detailed instructions.

Dropbox Assignments

There are three Dropbox assignments: the first ensures that you have read and understand the syllabus; the remaining two consist of written papers addressing issues relevant to this course. They must submitted in only (.doc, .docx, or .rtf) file format. They should be submitted through the course Dropbox. All Dropbox assignments should be double-spaced. If you have issues uploading an assignment to the Dropbox, you must email a notification to me and we will work together to ensure it is received by the due date.

Quizzes and Exams

Several quizzes, a midterm and a final exam are required in the course. Quizzes and exams are not proctored. Exams can be a mixture of short answer, true/false and multiple choice questions. All quizzes and exams are computerized and available through the Quizzes area.

Note re Assignment Due Dates

All due dates in the course are in Central Standard Time. Assignments are due at 11:59 p.m. Central Time on the day indicated.

  Course Outline

Click on each week to view details about the activities scheduled for that week.


Chapter 1

Introduction Discussion

Please introduce yourself and submit a biographical sketch that describes who you are, that may include your family or hobbies, where you work, your interest in criminal justice (affiliations), and your future goals. Due Sunday.

Discussion 1

Explain the theme of our text and why this theme is important to our understanding of cultural diversity in criminal justice (Hint: You should read the Preface and Foreword of our text and have done the reading assignment for this week.) Once you explain the theme, integrate this material in a discussion in which you define the word "multiculturalism.” Provide specific support through online research such as sites you discover and the text’s Glossary. Also, answer the question: "Was America ever a homogeneous society?" If not, explain why and give a term(s) that would more accurately and idealistically portray a view of diversity in America. Incorporate a discussion of the differences between references to a "melting pot" and "mosaic.” Due Sunday.

Dropbox 1 - Scavenger Hunt

This assignment consists of a series of 10 questions over the syllabus. Each question is worth 1 point. Questions are located in the Week 1 Content area’s assignment page. In a new document, prepare your answers to the questions and submit your paper to the corresponding Dropbox folder. Due Sunday.


Chapter 2

Discussion 2

In this week's Discussion we will cover ethnic, racial and gender issues within the workforce. Explain what racism is (research professional and academic terms, not opinion). What issues are involved in racism? What are suggested solutions for organizational managers, leaders and military personnel?

Also, include a brief discussion of women in law enforcement. Address the following issues: 1) discrimination/sexual harassment; 2) role barriers; 3) "The Brotherhood"; 4) the double standard; 5) differential treatment; 6) career vs. family; 7) mentor and networking programs for women.  Include statistics on "women in law enforcement.” Due Sunday.

Quiz 1

This quiz consists of 25 questions over Chapters 1 and 2. There is a 35-minute time limit and you have one attempt to take it. There are 25 points possible. The quiz will be available beginning Monday and must be completed by Sunday.


Chapters 3 and 4

Discussion 3

Refer back to the text and discuss the factors, causes and difficulties associated with the recruitment, retention and promotion of law enforcement personnel. (Provide specific support through online research as well.) Cite and briefly discuss how each of the “Cross Cultural Communication Dynamics” could hinder recruitment and retention of personnel. Due Sunday.

Quiz 2

This quiz consists of 25 questions over Chapters 3 and 4. There is a 35-minute time limit and you have one attempt to take it. There are 25 points possible. The quiz will be available beginning Monday and must be completed by Sunday.

Dropbox 2 - Crash Analysis

View the movie, Crash, starring Sandra Bullock, Don Cheadle and Matt Dillon (2005). Write a paper discussing the movie as it relates to cultural diversity issues in criminal justice. Include specific examples from the movie that demonstrate these issues. Additional details are located in the course Content area. Submit the paper to the corresponding Dropbox folder by Sunday.


Chapters 5 and 6

Discussion 4

For both the Asian/Pacific American culture and the African American culture:

  • List and define three general characteristics of their families

  • Discuss two myths or stereotypes associated with each group

  • Explain how law enforcement would best communicate with the families of each of these groups.   

  • Describe and analyze community and law enforcement solutions for combatting these myths and stereotypes.

Be sure to organize your post to address each culture in a separate paragraph(s). Due Sunday.    

Midterm Exam

Access the Midterm Exam from the Quizzes area of our course. The test will cover Chapters 1 through 6. The questions are true/false and multiple choice. There are 50 questions and 100 points are possible. There is a 75-minute time limit. You may take the exam anytime between Monday, at 7:00 a.m. and 11:59 p.m. Sunday. You do not need a proctor for this exam.


Chapters 7, 8 and 9

Discussion 5

List and discuss two aspects of the history of each group portrayed in chapters 7, 8, and 9 that might contribute to its members' current perceptions of, and relations with the police. In other words, list/discuss two ways the history of these groups has affected relations with law enforcement. In addition, discuss aspects of the communication style of these groups (both verbal and nonverbal) of which police officers and other law enforcement and criminal justice personnel should be aware of in their day-to-day interactions. Due Sunday.

Quiz 3

This quiz consists of 25 questions over Chapters 7, 8 and 9. There is a 35-minute time limit and you have one attempt to take it. There are 25 points possible. The quiz will be available beginning Monday and must be completed by Sunday.


Chapter 10

Discussion 6

Define domestic terrorism, international terrorism, and "WMDs” (CBRNE) incidents. List and discuss four “potential terrorist targets” as identified by your text while clarifying, utilizing, and incorporating the acronym “C I K R”. Identify and discuss what critical steps local law enforcement agencies and officers should use when gathering information and interviewing possible terrorist suspects within multicultural communities. Due Sunday.

Quiz 4

This quiz consists of 25 questions over Chapter 10. There is a 35-minute time limit and you have one attempt to take it. There are 25 points possible. The quiz will be available beginning Monday and must be completed by Sunday.

Course Evaluation
Please evaluate the course. You will have an opportunity to evaluate the course near the end of the session. A link sent to your CougarMail will allow you to access the evaluation. Please note that these evaluations are provided so that I can improve the course, find out what students perceive to be its strengths and weaknesses, and in general assess the success of the course. Please do take the time to fill this out.

Chapters 11, 12 and 13

Discussion 7

Identify and discuss the special obstacles and guidelines in properly identifying, investigating, and prosecuting hate/bias crimes. Due Sunday.

Quiz 5

This quiz consists of 25 questions over Chapters 11, 12 and 13. There is a 35-minute time limit and you have one attempt to take it. There are 25 points possible. The quiz will be available beginning Monday and must be completed by Sunday.

Dropbox 3 - Criminal Profiling/Racial Profiling

This assignment will explore criminal profiling, a high-profile issue facing law enforcement. The terms, “criminal profiling” and “racial profiling” are often confused and confusing to many individuals. Write a paper that addresses the following points:

  • Define, compare, contrast and discuss the terms “criminal profiling” and “racial profiling.”

  • Identify what is being done to curb or prevent racial profiling in your area/state. Summarize and cite specific examples of statutes, laws and/or efforts in your state that attempt to stop racial profiling by law enforcement.

  • Find an online article with a current event example of “racial profiling” by law enforcement (within the past 3 years). Briefly describe the incident and then post the link to the incident (article, video, news report, etc.) in your paper.   

Additional details are provided in the course Content area. This assignment is worth 70 points. Submit your paper to the appropriate Dropbox folder. Due Sunday.


Chapter 14

Discussion 8

Chapter 14 identifies the use of community policing for public safety and quality of life concerns that are important to all of America’s multicultural cities and communities. Specifically it addresses gangs, the homeless and the mentally ill. Both police and multicultural communities benefit when there is citizenship participation and relevant activities that build bridges for ongoing relationships.

List one of your favorite “positive” examples of a multicultural response cited in the text for each of these three groups: gangs, homeless, and mentally ill. Briefly discuss why it is your favorite approach.  In addition, please provide a “positive” example of an officer interaction with a citizen. This can be a news article (print or video), an independent video from the internet, or a law enforcement journal or magazine. It must be accessible to all students in our class by being available “online.” NOTE: post only the online link to the example, not the whole “printed” article or example. Due Saturday.  

Final Exam

The Final Exam will be similar to the Midterm Exam. It consists of 50 questions over Chapters 7 through 14. You will have 75 minutes to complete the exam. There are 100 points possible. Access it from the Quizzes area of the course. Note: There will not be a makeup exam if this exam is missed. This is because it is the final exam and there are five days to complete it. Remember, the exam is not proctored. The exam opens Monday morning and closes 11:59 p.m. Saturday, the last day of class.

  Course Policies

Student Conduct

All Columbia College students, whether enrolled in a land-based or online course, are responsible for behaving in a manner consistent with Columbia College's Student Conduct Code and Acceptable Use Policy. Students violating these policies will be referred to the office of Student Affairs and/or the office of Academic Affairs for possible disciplinary action. The Student Code of Conduct and the Computer Use Policy for students can be found in the Columbia College Student Handbook. The Handbook is available online; you can also obtain a copy by calling the Student Affairs office (Campus Life) at 573-875-7400. The teacher maintains the right to manage a positive learning environment, and all students must adhere to the conventions of online etiquette.

Plagiarism and Academic Integrity

Academic integrity is a cumulative process that begins with the first college learning opportunity. Students are responsible for knowing the Academic Integrity policy and procedures and may not use ignorance of either as an excuse for academic misconduct. Columbia College recognizes that the vast majority of students at Columbia College maintain high ethical academic standards; however, failure to abide by the prohibitions listed herein is considered academic misconduct and may result in disciplinary action, a failing grade on the assignment, and/or a grade of "F" for the course.

Additionally, all required papers may be submitted for textual similarity review to Turnitin.com for the detection of plagiarism. All submitted papers may be included in the Turnitin.com reference database for the purpose of detecting plagiarism. This service is subject to the Terms and Conditions of Use posted on the Turnitin.com site.


There will be no discrimination on the basis of sex, race, color, national origin, sexual orientation, religion, ideology, political affiliation, veteran status, age, physical handicap, or marital status.

Student Accessibility Resources

Columbia College is committed to creating a learning environment that meets the needs of its diverse student body. If you anticipate or experience any barriers to learning, communicate your concerns with the instructor. In addition to speaking with the instructor, the following resources are available to ensure an opportunity to learn in an inclusive environment that values mutual respect.

  • For students with disabilities/conditions who are experiencing barriers to learning or assessment, contact the Student Accessibility Resources office at (573) 875-7626 or sar@ccis.edu to discuss a range of options to removing barriers in the course, including accommodations.
  • For students who are experiencing conflict which is impacting their educational environment, contact the Office of Student Conduct at studentconduct@ccis.edu or (573) 875-7877.
  • For students who have concerns related to discrimination or harassment based on sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, pregnancy or parental status, please contact the Title IX Office at titleixcoordinator@ccis.edu. More information can be found at http://www.ccis.edu/policies/notice-of-non-discrimination-and-equal-opportunity.aspx

Online Participation

You are expected to read the assigned texts and participate in the discussions and other course activities each week. Assignments should be posted by the due dates stated on the grading schedule in your syllabus. If an emergency arises that prevents you from participating in class, please let your instructor know as soon as possible.

Attendance Policy

Attendance for a week will be counted as having submitted any assigned activity for which points are earned. Attendance for the week is based upon the date work is submitted. A class week is defined as the period of time between Monday and Sunday (except for week 8, when the work and the course will end on Saturday at midnight.) The course and system deadlines are based on the Central Time Zone.

Cougar Email

All students are provided a CougarMail account when they enroll in classes at Columbia College. You are responsible for monitoring email from that account for important messages from the College and from your instructor. You may forward your Cougar email account to another account; however, the College cannot be held responsible for breaches in security or service interruptions with other email providers.

Students should use email for private messages to the instructor and other students. The class discussions are for public messages so the class members can each see what others have to say about any given topic and respond.

Late Assignment Policy

An online class requires regular participation and a commitment to your instructor and your classmates to regularly engage in the reading, discussion and writing assignments. Although most of the online communication for this course is asynchronous, you must be able to commit to the schedule of work for the class for the next eight weeks. You must keep up with the schedule of reading and writing to successfully complete the class.

No late discussion posts will be accepted.

Ten points will be deducted for late submissions of the Dropbox assignments, and will only be accepted up to three days past the due date. Quizzes may be submitted late only when a verifiable emergency arises. Non-submission of any assignment will result in a score of zero.

Course Evaluation

You will have an opportunity to evaluate the course near the end of the session. A link will be sent to your CougarMail that will allow you to access the evaluation. Be assured that the evaluations are anonymous and that your instructor will not be able to see them until after final grades are submitted.

  Additional Resources

Orientation for New Students

This course is offered online, using course management software provided by Desire2Learn and Columbia College. The course user guide provides details about taking an online course at Columbia College. You may also want to visit the course demonstration to view a sample course before this one opens.

Technical Support

If you have problems accessing the course or posting your assignments, contact your instructor, the Columbia College Technology Solutions Center, or the D2L Helpdesk for assistance. If you have technical problems with the VitalSource eText reader, please contact VitalSource. Contact information is also available within the online course environment.

Online Tutoring

Smarthinking is a free online tutoring service available to all Columbia College students. Smarthinking provides real-time online tutoring and homework help for Math, English, and Writing. Smarthinking also provides access to live tutorials in writing and math, as well as a full range of study resources, including writing manuals, sample problems, and study skills manuals. You can access the service from wherever you have a connection to the Internet. I encourage you to take advantage of this free service provided by the college.

Access Smarthinking through CougarTrack under Students -> Academics -> Academic Resources.